my ancestors, their associates and the founding of Australia
history of Australia
my direct lineage family tree photos
this is a very brief genealogy of my ancestors just in case any relatives are hunting for more details on the net.
more details are found:
my direct ancestors arrived in Australia as follows:
1796: Captain John BRABYN aboard the Marquis of Cornwallis in charge of a detachment of the NSW Corps, and his daughter Jennifer Ann BRABYN
1805: Peter Burnet French MILLS serving under Captain Bligh
John Frederick LOWE/LOVE
1848: Abraham BATTY and family emigrated on the "Andromache"
1852: John Thomas BAKER emigrated to Sth Australia on the barque "Sea Park"
historical note: Victoria's gold rush of the 1850's results in some 330,000 emigrating including 86,000 British in 1852 alone. Having separated from NSW in 1851, Victoria's population quickly outstripped that of NSW. Last convicts to Van Diemans land (Tasmania) arrive in 1853.
1854: James Ebenezer LITCHFIELD (aka William BRILL) and his parents emigrated on the "America" (? arrived 1853)
historical note: 1854 Victorian census gave population of 236,798.
1854: Samuel George STAFFORD (1841-1902) arrived in Vctoria on the "Maria Hay I"
appears to have been brother of John Alfred STAFFORD (born on the Maria Hay in 1854 enroute to Geelong) and son of John Sevior STAFFORD who arrived from England c1854
1855: Thomas HUTCHESSON, brothers and uncle emigrated to Sth Australia via the "Almora".
1855: Robert LANE and his wife, Susannah BLACKWOOD and his family on the ill-fated maiden voyage of the luxurious "Shomberg" which was shipwrecked en route near Petersborough, Victoria, resulting in loss of all their furniture.
1858: Henry BEAN and his family in 1858 on the "Trade Winds"
1862: Robert AYTON in 1862 by assisted immigration on the "Black Swan" after his uncle Edward AYTON was transported as a convict in 1837
historical note: by the Victorian census in 1901, the population had risen to 1.2million, 80% of these were descendants of immigrants with the remaining 20% being immigrants - mainly from the British Isles. Indigenous peoples still not included in census. see http://immigration.museum.vic.gov.au/origins/keydates.aspx?cid=7
my ancestors mainly came from the following places:
this map used with permission, courtesy of www.hotels-england.co.uk who own the copyright.
My parental ancestry:
Jeffrey Archibald AYTON (1918-67)
Robert Ernest AYTON (1874-1972) - born Longford, died Melbourne
a blacksmith who worked at the H.V.McKay harvester factory in Sunshine, Melbourne
Robert AYTON (1840-86) - born Norfolk, England, died in Longford, Tasmania
Robert Ayton at 22 came to Victoria on the "Solway" and to Tasmania on the "Black Swan" in 1862 with an Edward Ayton aged 23. Died suddenly in a paddock - an inquest found "visitation of God".
William AYTON (1807-87) - born, died in Norfolk
John AYTON (1785-?) - born Norfolk
William AYTON (1763-?) - born Norfolk (Syderstone, north Norfolk)
Mary WACY (1754-97) - born, died in Norfolk
Mary WELLS (1808-87) - born, died in Norfolk
Maryanne Blackwood LANE (1843-1919, m. 1868) - born Norfolk, died Launceston, Tasmania
Robert LANE (1826-1904) - born Norfolk, England, died in Longford, Tasmania
Robert Lane, his wife Susannah and 6 children came to Australia on the "Shomberg" 1855 "Aus in 60 days, with or without God's help". In a calm at Petersborough, Victoria along the infamous "shipwreck coast", it disintegrated on rocks, all had to be rescued. They were taken to Melbourne and to Tasmania on the "Ladybird" early 1856. Robert settled in Longford, where he and Susannah reared 11 children.
Richard LANE (1788-1874) - born, died in Norfolk
Sarah BATTLEDORE (1754-1800)
Susan BLACKWOOD (1825-1908 m. 1845) - born Norfolk, England, emigrated with brothers James & Isaac, died in Longford, Tasmania
James BLACKWOOD (1800-49) - born, died in Norfolk
William BLACKWOOD (1777-?) (or was it Sir Henry BLACKWOOD - captain of a ship in Nelson's fleet & Harriet GORE m.1820 Norfolk, Eng.)
Robert BLACKWOOD (? - 1782)
Frances SHEARING (1781-1806)
Jane RINGWOOD (1796-?) - born, died in Norfolk
Edith Rosa BEAN (1878-1947)
older sister of Archibald Louis Bean who died in WWI - could he be related to Dr Charles Bean the official historian of WWI?
Henry BEAN (1835-1903) - born Suffolk, England, died in Longford, Tasmania
Robert BEAN (1814-1900) - born Suffolk, England, died in Longford, Tasmania
Robert BEAN (1779-1859) - born and died in Suffolk, England
Lucy COOK (1783-1854) - born and died in Suffolk, England
Martha HUFF (1813-1886) - born Suffolk, England, died in Longford, Tasmania
Simon HUFF (c1775-c1829)
Susan CALVER (c1780-c1851)
John CALVER (1744-1820)
John CALVER (1707-1767) b.&d. Stanton, Suffolk
John CALVER (c1680-1740) d. Stanton
Esther MARTIN (1682-1743) b. Pakenham, Suffolk; d. Stanton, Suffolk;
Joseph MARTIN (c1660-c1701) b. Pakenham
Hester EMMS (c1660-c1684) b. & d. Pakenham
Mary BAKER (c1710-1771) b. Sapiston, Suffolk; d. Stanton, Suffolk
Peter BAKER (c1680-) Suffolk
Susan SPARHAM (c1685-) Suffolk
Martha MAJOR (1749-1803)
John MAJOR (1711-1750) b.&d. Elmswell, Suffolk; buried Stanton.
John MAJOR (1682-1715) b.&d. Elmswell, Suffolk;
Benjamin Hatfield MAJOR (1660-)
Thomas MAJOR (c1625-) Suffolk
Ann UNKNOWN (c1625-)
Mary UNKNOWN (c1660-)
Rebecca MATHEW (c1689-1736) b. Combs, Suffolk; d. Elmswell, Suffolk;
Anne HAMBLINGTON (1709-1774) b. Stanton; d. Elmswell; buried Stanton;
Maria DENNIS (1842 - 1917) - born Suffolk, England, died in Longford, Tasmania
James DENNIS (1813-88) - born Suffolk, England, died in Longford, Tasmania
Frances SPINKS (1812-68) - born Norfolk, England, died in Longford, Tasmania
Reta GLARE (1926-)
John Henry GLARE (1891-1966) b. Wallacedale Nth, Vic. d. Portland, Vic. (carrier)
Frederick Henry GLARE (1870-1959) b. Branxholme, Vic. d. Warrnambool, Vic. (farmer)
John Glare (1831-1910) b. Launceston, Tas. d. Melbourne, Vic (farmer)
James GLARE (1803-76) b. Middlesex, England. d. Hamilton, Vic (farmer/carrier)
Abram Joseph GLARE (1755-?) b. Chevilly, Vaud, Switzerland
Pierre Joseph GLEYRE (1711-1770) b. & d. Chevilly, Vaud, Switzerland
Jean Abraham GLEYRE
Joseph "l'aine" - the elder c1600
? the great, great grandfather of the famous painter, Charles Marc Gabriel Gleyre (1806-76)
Jeanne Elisabeth GLEYRE (? cousin of Jean Abraham)
Jeanne FROMOND b. Orny, Vaud, Switz. d. Chevilly, Vaud, Switz.
Arabella DAVIES (1763-? m. 1786) b. Middlesex, England
Eliza Sophia MILLS (1814-60 m. 1830) b. Launceston, Tas. d. Port Fairy, Vic
Peter Burnet French MILLS (1786-1816) b. Dublin, Ireland. d. ?
Peter's father was a businessman in the silk trade in Dublin, his brother a Dr of Medicine - Peter chose a Naval career, and at 19yrs. was chosen by Capt Bligh to man the HMS "Porpoise" to Aus in 1805. On arrival to Australia, Peter was stationed at Launceston, where he married Jennifer Ann Brabyn 1810. He bore 3 children there, but with a Dr Montgarret sustained financial trouble. He went bush for some time, later surrendered, but finally disappeared on the "Adamant".
NB. Capt Bligh was the captain of the "Bounty" when he and fellow officers were forced off the boat and set adrift in a boat in the famous Mutiny on the Bounty in 1789, curiously there was Mills that stayed on the Bounty as part of the mutiny "Jno Mills Gunner's Mate" but presumably no relation. see Bligh's logbook
her brothers were John & Charles Mills, famous whalers & seamen, the 1st settlers in Victoria & who helped found Port Fairy, Victoria - see details here
Jennifer / Jennyfer / Jane Ann BRABYN (1795-1871 m. 1811) b. London, England. d. Mortlake, Vic.
Capt. John BRABYN (1758-1835) b. Cornwall, England. d. Sydney, NSW.
John BRABYN (1732-59) b. & d. Cornwall, England.
James BRABYN (1697-?) b. Cornwall, England.
Roger BRABYN / BRABENTE
Elyzabeth MAYNARD (1668-?) b. Cornwall, England.
Priscilla TAMBLINSON (1696-1763 m. 1719) b. & d. Cornwall, England.
Thomas TAMBLINSON / TOMLINSON / TAMLINSON ( - 1751) b. & d. Cornwall, England.
Joanna JAGO (m. 1752) b. Cornwall, England.
Mary ? (probably not ALLEN/ALLYN/TOM)
Frances Anne LOWE (1835-1901 m. 1850 in Port Fairy) b. Launceston, Tas. d. Myamyn, Vic (midwife)
John Frederick LOWE ( - 1853) m. 1836 in Launceston. d. Port Fairy after falling from a horse (sawyer)
he may have been Dr John Love, ship surgeon on the Mellish in 1830 and on the hired convict ship, the Atlas IV in 1833, and on the Blackwell in 1835
Thomas LOWE - had 12 sons including 7 doctors - in 1888, one of this family, William emigrated from Lincolnshire to Tasmania.
Mary McSWEENEY (m. 1836)
Susan Alicia STAFFORD (1872-1942 m. 1891) b. Raywood, central Vic. d. Wallacedale Nth, Vic.
Samuel George STAFFORD (1841-1902) b. Bristol? /London?, England. d. Heywood, Vic.
appears to have been brother of John Alfred STAFFORD (born on the Maria Hay I in 1854 enroute to Geelong) and son of John Sevior STAFFORD who arrived from England c1854 (source: Dianne Dallon)
?John Sevior STAFFORD
?Jemima Smith GREEN or Harriet POLE
Maryanne Frances THOMAS (1843-1921 m. 1864) b. Nassau d. Heywood, Vic.
?? Mary Anne STAFFORD arrived on the "Robert Small" aged 18yrs in 1863 into Melbourne/Geelong but she was single and no Samuel is mentioned so not her.
May Jesse HUTCHESSON (1896-1994 m. 1919) b. Jung Jung, Mallee, Victoria. d. Portland, Victoria.
Arthur John HUTCHESSON (1869-1960) b. Yahl, Sth. Aust. d. Mildura, Victoria
Thomas HUTCHESSON (1845-1918) b. Cambridgeshire, England. d. Jung, Vic. arrived in Adelaide 1855 via the "Almora"
Thomas HUTCHESSON snr (1806-1844) died in South Bank, Weisbech, Cambridgeshire, England
Mary CRANE (1810-1851) of Elm, Camdridgeshire
John CRANE (1785-)
John CRANE of Elm, Camdridgeshire
Elizabeth Ann BAKER (1851-1942 m. 1865) b. Devon, England. immigrated to Sth Aust in 1852. d. Horsham, Vic.
John Thomas BAKER immigrated to Sth Aust in 1852
Thomas BAKER b. 1768 in Street, Somerset, d. 1821
Sarah CRANE b. 1768, m. 1793, d. 1820
Harriet MOGG b. 1809 m. 1828 in Street, Somerset, immigrated to Sth Aust in 1857.
Sarah WELSHMAN immigrated to Sth Aust in 1852
Martha Jane BRILL (1874-1965) b. Bendigo, Victoria d. Mildura, Victoria
William BRILL (changed name from James Ebenezer LITCHFIELD) (1844-1920) b. Warboys, England. d. Ganmain, NSW, migrated to Aust. in 1854; gold miner in Ballarat;
John LITCHFIELD - born c. 1811 at Elsworth/ Bourn, Cambridgeshire,a shepherd, migrated 1854 on the "America" with second wife, Ann Skeels and four children (Joseph, Elizabeth, James, and infant Bob born on board) & settled in Geelong district, Vic before moving to Donald where he became a gifted craftsman. Died of cancer 18/1/1883 & was buried in Donald Cemetery with his 2nd wife and some of his children.
illegitimate son of Frances LITCHFIELD b. 1790 of Bourn, Cambridgeshire, m. William ELLWOOD(step-father of John) in 1814, died at Boxworth in 1836.
Sarah m. Nov 1776 in Bourn, Cambridgeshire
Caroline Elizabeth PEDLEY (1816-1851) m. in Fenstanton, England in 1836 in Chatteris; died in Cambridge.
Sophia SEWELL m. in 1815
it seems James and his wife Rachel had a falling out with his father, step-mother and their family whilst on a trip to Witchipool near Donald to select land and the resulting bitterness caused James & Rachel to change their names and opt to live in obscurity away from his family. The Litchfields never heard from them again, even though his father searched for him.
Rachel BROWN (changed name from Rachel BATTY) (1853-1939 m. 1866) b. Mt Moriac, Vic. d. Ganmain, NSW
Abraham BATTY - baptised 4/4/1819 at Monk Fryston, married at Reighton 20/7/1840; emigrated with his wife & family to Geelong on the "Andromache" on 8th Nov. 1848
Martha WILSON - baptised 13/7/1817, Reighton, died 1880
Thomas WILSON - agricultural labourer of Reighton, England. buried 3rd Oct. 1848 of Argham aged 68.
Ann HARRISON - baptised 17/3/1782 at Wintringham, Yorkshire; married 15/1/1805 at Barmston East, Yorkshire; buried 25th Jan 1860 of Argham/Argam Lodge, Reighton, aged 84.
William HARRISON - schoolmaster; m. 5th Feb 1776 in Wintringham;
Hannah HARRISON - born 2nd April 1749 in Wintringham;
Richard HARRISON - m. 7th Feb 1743;
Elizabeth COULSON -