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australia:birds

birds of Australia

Introduction

  • Australia is fortunate in having a divers range of birds many of which seasonally migrate to remote regions including the far northern hemisphere regions
  • some bird families are unique to Australia such as the emu, lyrebirds, scrub-birds, pardalotes, Australian mud-nesters, and tree-creeper.

Main bird families

  • emus
    • most of Australia except for rainforests
  • cassowaries
    • Southern Cassowary - tropical far north Queensland coast
  • ostriches
    • not native to Australia but farmed in South Australia and some feral ones may exist
  • grebes
  • penguins
    • the Little Penguin is the only penguin that breeds in Australia (also in NZ)
  • albatrosses
  • petrels and shearwaters
  • storm petrels
  • diving petrels
  • pelicans
  • gannets and boobies
  • darters
  • cormorants and shags
  • frigatebirds
  • tropicbirds
  • herons, egrets and bitterns
  • storks
  • ibises and spoonbills
  • geese, swans and ducks
  • osprey
  • kites, goshawks, eagles and harriers
  • falcons
  • mound-builders
  • quails and pheasants
  • button-quails
  • plains-wanderer
  • rails, crakes, swamphens, and coots
  • cranes
  • bustards
  • jacanas
  • thick-knees (stone curlews)
  • painted snipe
  • oystercatchers
  • lapwings, plovers and dotterels
  • stilts and avocets
  • curlews, sandpipers, snipes and godwits
  • phalaropes
  • pratincoles
  • skuas and jaegers
  • gulls and terns
  • pigeons and doves
  • cockatoos
    • yellow-tailed black cockatoo (SE Aust)
    • glossy black cockatoo (NSW coast extending into eastern Vic and SE Qld))
    • Gang-Gang cockatoo (mid grey with scarlet head; SE Aust)
    • galah (light grey and pink; most of Aust except Tas, tropical far north Qld/NT and SW WA)
    • long billed corella (white with bluish skin around eyes; western Vic)
    • pink cockatoo (pink with white wings and white skin around eyes; central Australia including western Murray Valley)
    • sulphur-crested cockatoo (white with yellow crest; most of eastern Aust. extending to NT tropics)
  • true parrots
  • lorikeets
    • rainbow lorikeet (green with dark blue head, bright red bill, yellow-green collar, deep violet-blue abdomen; most of eastern Aust. coastal regions extending to York Peninsula and Tas with some around Perth)
    • scaly-breasted lorikeet (green including the head, red bill, yellow crescents on breast, flanks and thighs, orange-red underwing; most of east coast Aust.)
    • musk lorikeet (bright green; black bill tipped red, scarlet forehead, lores and ear patches; most of eastern Aust. coastal regions extending to York Peninsula and Tas)
  • fig-parrots
  • long-tailed parrots
    • Aust. king parrot (brilliant scarlet underparts, green back, blue rump, blackish-blue tail, green crescents on abdomen and undertail; male has scarlet head and neck but female has green; most of east coast Aust)
  • broad-tailed parrots
    • budgerigar (common pet; bright green, yellow throat; inland Aust)
    • crimson rosella (elegans race: rich crimson and blue; some green immature; 7 races with different colorings; coastal eastern Aust and Murray Valley)
  • parasitic cuckoos and coucals
  • hawk owls
  • barn owls
  • frogmouths
    • tawny frogmouth
  • owlet-nightjars
  • nightjars
  • swiftlets and swifts
  • kingfishers
    • azure kingfisher
    • laughing kookaburra
  • bee-eaters
    • rainbow bee-eater
    • dollarbird (brown upper, blue throat, red bill and legs, green-blue wings, blue tail)
  • rollers
  • pittas
  • superb lyrebird (east coast wet forests Melb-Brisbane)
  • scrub-birds
  • old world larks
  • swallows and martins
  • old world pipits and wagtails
    • Richard's pipit
  • cuckoo-shrikes and trillers
    • black faced cuckoo-shrike
    • white-winged triller
  • bulbuls
  • old world thrushes, flycatchers and allies
    • Bassian thrush (SE coast)
    • blackbird (SE Aust)
    • song thrush (around Melbourne region)
    • various robins incl. eastern yellow robin (yellow breast), rose robin, pink robin, scarlet robin, flame robin, red-capped robin, hooded robin
    • Jacky Winter
    • crested shrike-tit
    • olive whistler, golden whistler, rufous whistler
    • shrike-thrushes
    • crested bellbird
    • black-face monarch
    • leaden flycatcher, satin flycatcher, restless flycatcher
    • rufous fantail, grey fantail
    • willie wagtail
  • chowchillas, whipbirds, wedgebills, and quail-thrushes
    • eastern whipbird
    • spotted quail-thrush
  • babblers
    • grey crowned babbler
  • old world warblers
    • clamorous reed warbler
    • little grassbird
    • golden headed cisticola
  • fairy wrens
    • superb fairy wren (SE Aust extending to SE Qld and Yorke Peninsula)
    • variegated fairy wren (inland Aust)
    • southern emu wren (coastal Aust except tropical and subtropical north)
  • bristlebirds, scrubwrens, gerygones, and thornbills
    • pilotbird (east Vic, SE NSW coast)
    • white-browed scrubwren
    • weebill
    • white-throated gerygone
  • sittellas
  • treecreepers
  • honeyeaters
  • chats
  • sunbirds
  • flowerpeckers
  • pardalotes
  • white-eyes
  • true finches
  • old world sparrows
  • weavers, waxbills, grass-finches and mannikins
  • starlings and mynahs
  • orioles and figbirds
  • drongos
  • bowerbirds
  • birds of paradise
  • Australian mud-nesters
  • magpie-larks
  • woodswallows
  • butcherbirds and currawongs
  • ravens and crows
australia/birds.txt · Last modified: 2019/02/25 05:58 by gary1