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history:h_australia [2020/06/16 19:49]
gary1 [Timeline to Federation:]
history:h_australia [2020/06/16 20:02] (current)
gary1 [Timeline to Federation:]
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   * 1800: Napoleon, at the height of the war with England, in an attempt to possibly claim the west part of "New Holland", sends Baudin to lead a team of scientists. England responds in 1801 by sending Flinders to circumnavigate "New Holland".   * 1800: Napoleon, at the height of the war with England, in an attempt to possibly claim the west part of "New Holland", sends Baudin to lead a team of scientists. England responds in 1801 by sending Flinders to circumnavigate "New Holland".
   * 1801: Baudin reaching SW corner New Holland in winter, decided to go north instead of facing the south coast in winter & navigates the west coast of New Holland. Running out of water & developing scurvy, in August 1801, he is forced to head to West Timor, but his men then developed fatal attacks of dysentery. After 3 months in Timor, he then continues back south, unaware of passing Flinders, and by Jan 1802 reaches Van Dieman's Land, after passing around its south, sailing up its east coast, he then turns west to pass through Bass Strait where he is the 1st European to see the southern coast of western Victoria & then encounters Flinders in Sth Australia's Encounter Bay.   * 1801: Baudin reaching SW corner New Holland in winter, decided to go north instead of facing the south coast in winter & navigates the west coast of New Holland. Running out of water & developing scurvy, in August 1801, he is forced to head to West Timor, but his men then developed fatal attacks of dysentery. After 3 months in Timor, he then continues back south, unaware of passing Flinders, and by Jan 1802 reaches Van Dieman's Land, after passing around its south, sailing up its east coast, he then turns west to pass through Bass Strait where he is the 1st European to see the southern coast of western Victoria & then encounters Flinders in Sth Australia's Encounter Bay.
-  * 1801: Flinders, in a leaking ship, arrives on SW corner of New Holland near where Baudin had reached, but as it is now summer, he heads east and lands in Port Jackson colony. He then circumnavigated Australia anti-clockwise in his deteriorating ship losing 11 men before reaching Port Jackson again. Flinders, returning to Europe is shipwrecked and had to row 600 miles back to Port Jackson, before resuming his voyage.+  * 1801: Flinders, in a leaking ship, arrives on SW corner of New Holland near where Baudin had reached, but as it is now summer, he heads east and lands in Port Jackson colony. He then **circumnavigated Australia** anti-clockwise in his deteriorating ship losing 11 men before reaching Port Jackson again. Flinders, returning to Europe is shipwrecked and had to row 600 miles back to Port Jackson, before resuming his voyage.
   * 1802: Murray discovers Port Phillip Bay with my great, great, great, great grandmother's 13yr old brother, [[:genealogy:BrabynJohnCapt#"Boy" Brabyn (:|John Frederick Brabyn]]   * 1802: Murray discovers Port Phillip Bay with my great, great, great, great grandmother's 13yr old brother, [[:genealogy:BrabynJohnCapt#"Boy" Brabyn (:|John Frederick Brabyn]]
   * 1803, Van Dieman's Land becomes a British penal colony & soon its Aboriginal population is wiped out by guns & introduced diseases   * 1803, Van Dieman's Land becomes a British penal colony & soon its Aboriginal population is wiped out by guns & introduced diseases
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   * 1847: Ben Boyd a Scottish whaler based near Eden, NSW brought the first 65 Islanders to Australia from the Pacific islands as indentured labourers although they did not understand what they were signing up for and hence many regard it as a form of slavery causing NSW Legislative Council to amend the Masters and Servants Act to ban importation of “the Natives of any Savage or uncivilized tribe inhabiting any Island or Country in the Pacific”.   * 1847: Ben Boyd a Scottish whaler based near Eden, NSW brought the first 65 Islanders to Australia from the Pacific islands as indentured labourers although they did not understand what they were signing up for and hence many regard it as a form of slavery causing NSW Legislative Council to amend the Masters and Servants Act to ban importation of “the Natives of any Savage or uncivilized tribe inhabiting any Island or Country in the Pacific”.
   * 1851: Irish immigrant John Egan finds alluvial gold in Daylesford, Vic instigating a local gold rush, with the area becoming a municipality in 1859 with 3400 gold diggers.    * 1851: Irish immigrant John Egan finds alluvial gold in Daylesford, Vic instigating a local gold rush, with the area becoming a municipality in 1859 with 3400 gold diggers. 
-  * 1851, colony of Victoria founded, coinciding the **gold rush **which resulted in 313,000 new settlers immigrating to Victoria, rapidly outstripping NSW in population & development. In 1852 alone, 86,000 British migrated seeking their fortune.+  * 1851, colony of Victoria founded, coinciding the **gold rush** which resulted in 313,000 new settlers immigrating to Victoria, rapidly outstripping NSW in population & development. In 1852 alone, 86,000 British migrated seeking their fortune.
   * 1853: last consignment of convicts to Australia arrive in Van Diemen's Land, although small numbers continued to arrive in WA until 1868 with 9,700 arriving between 1850-1868).   * 1853: last consignment of convicts to Australia arrive in Van Diemen's Land, although small numbers continued to arrive in WA until 1868 with 9,700 arriving between 1850-1868).
-  * 1854, the Eureka Stockade rebellion of 150 gold miners against armed troopers in Ballarat, Vic. Victoria's 1st census showed 236,798 people living in the colony, 97,943 of these were from England, the next highest countries were Ireland and Scotland.+  * 1854, the **Eureka Stockade rebellion** of 150 gold miners against armed troopers in Ballarat, Vic. Victoria's 1st census showed 236,798 people living in the colony, 97,943 of these were from England, the next highest countries were Ireland and Scotland.
     * Several major Victorian institutions were founded in 1854, including the University of Melbourne, the State Library and the National Museum of Victoria. The Age newspaper was established, and a major international exhibition was held in Melbourne in a purpose-built hall at the corner of William and LaTrobe Streets. The first steam-powered passenger railway in Australia ran from Sandridge (South Melbourne) to Flinders Street, and Railway Pier, later to become Station Pier, commenced its role as the arrival point for many thousands of immigrants.     * Several major Victorian institutions were founded in 1854, including the University of Melbourne, the State Library and the National Museum of Victoria. The Age newspaper was established, and a major international exhibition was held in Melbourne in a purpose-built hall at the corner of William and LaTrobe Streets. The first steam-powered passenger railway in Australia ran from Sandridge (South Melbourne) to Flinders Street, and Railway Pier, later to become Station Pier, commenced its role as the arrival point for many thousands of immigrants.
   * 1855: the Colony of Victoria passed Australia's first immigration act: the Act to Regulate the Residence of the Chinese Population in Victoria.   * 1855: the Colony of Victoria passed Australia's first immigration act: the Act to Regulate the Residence of the Chinese Population in Victoria.
history/h_australia.txt · Last modified: 2020/06/16 20:02 by gary1