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photo:contaxyashica

Contax Yashica 35mm film SLR camera system

History:

  • 1973:
    • ‘Top Secret Project 130’, a collaboration with Carl Zeiss to produce a new, professional 35mm SLR with an electronically-controlled shutter, bearing the Contax brand name. A new prestige line of Yashica / Contax lenses designed by Carl Zeiss were introduced for the camera, with a common C/Y bayonet mount allowing lens interchange between all 35mm Contax and Yashica SLR models - an innovation that was to prove very popular with camera buyers.
  • 1974:
    • Contax RTS (“Real Time System”) 35mm SLR - high end expensive version while the subsequent Yashica models over the next decade, although based on the Contax, targeted a more affordable range for the serious amateur.
  • 1975:
    • Yashica FX-1 35mm SLR with C/Y mount;
  • 1976:
    • Yashica FX-2 35mm SLR with C/Y mount;
    • Yashica FR 35mm SLR with C/Y mount:
      • based in part on the Contax RTS design, was a more affordable manual-exposure, electronically-controlled camera.
  • 1977:
    • Yashica FR-I 35mm SLR - manual and auto exposure
    • Yashica FR-II 35mm SLR - auto exposure only
  • 1979:
    • Yashica FX-3 35mm SLR - entry level manual exposure only; developed by Yashica but made by Cosina
    • Contax 139 Quartz:
      • mid-range series with less features than the pro series (the RTS models).
      • quartz timed shutter speeds for improved accuracy
      • TTL flash with x-sync at 1/100th sec; CW aperture priority and manual exposure;
      • optional winder and data back;
  • 1980:
    • Yashica FX-D Quartz - 
    • Contax 137MD Quartz - 2fps motor drive; 4xAA batteries; X-sync 1/60th; 
  • 1982:
    • Contax 137MA Quartz - 3fps motor drive; manual shutter speed adjustment added to the 137MD;
    • Contax RTS II Quartz - flash TTL; electronic self-timer;
  • 1983:
    • Yashica FX-70 - 
    • Yashica merges with Kyocera which also made the newer Contax cameras from that date.
  • 1984:
    • Yashica FX-3 Super - meter activated by half-press of shutter
  • 1985:
    • Yashica FX-7 Super - meter activated by half-press of shutter
    • Contax 159MM - new MM mount for new MM lenses to allow shutter priority and program exposure modes
    • Yashica FX-103 Program 35mm SLR - 1st Yashica SLR with TTL flash and full programmed exposure capabilities;
  • 1987:
    • Yashica FX-3 Super 2000 - Basic model; metal focal-plane shutter; top speed of 1/2000 sec;
    • Yashica FX-D
    • Contax 167MT Quartz - New auto-bracketing mode; Spot/center weighted metering switch;
  • 1988:
    • Yashica 107MP - sold as the Yashica TR7000 in Europe; MP stands for Multi-Program;
  • 1989:
    • Yashica 108MP
    • Yashica 109MP - motorised film rewind
  • 1990:
    • Contax RTS III 
      • RTV “Real Time Vacuum” back maintains film flatness; 100% viewfinder image; data recording between frames;
      • pre-flash TTL spot meter with non-dedicated flash by adjusting aperture; 5fps motor drive; 1/8000th sec; x-sync 1/250th sec;  usual TTL flash metering mode; auto-bracketing mode; vertical travel metal shutter;
  • 1992:
    • Contax ST - 
    • Contax S2 - The back-to-basics completely manual SLR
  • 1993:
    • Contax RX - Built-in focusing aid “Digital Focus Indicator”; low vibration mirror;
    • Contax RXII - Same all-metal body but DFI feature removed;
  • 1996:
    • Contax AX - Auto-focus by moving the film plane but body bigger;
  • 1998:
    • Contax Aria - a smaller SLR designed especially for women; uses an infrared sensor to count the sprocket holes, so you cannot use infrared film in it.; spot meter; flash synch at 1/125; 
    • Contax S2b - an S2 with titanium body and black paint
  • Kyocera created a new Contax N series 35mm SLR with new autofocus N mount which was not backwardly compatible with C/Y lenses which thus failed as most wanting AF moved to Canon or Nikon cameras.
  • 2005:
    • Kyocera discontinues production of all Yashica, Contax and Kyocera branded film and digital cameras.
photo/contaxyashica.txt · Last modified: 2011/09/20 14:26 by gary