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photo:lightroom_techniques

Adobe Lightroom techniques

skin tones and eyes

step 0: basic adjustments first:

  • over-expose skin in camera without getting blown highlights - then reduce exposure in Lightroom to suit - this gives more tonality and smoother skin with less noise
  • ensure white balance is accurate
  • apply lens profile correction if available for that lens
  • straighten and crop image
  • set overall sharpness level to exclude skin:
    • masking = 90-94 or so

step 1. use heal spot removal to fix blemishes

  • feather = 0
  • opacity = 100

step 2: smooth skin using an adjustment brush

  • avoid eyes, eyebrows, nostrils and lips
  • clarity = -45
  • sharpness = +43
  • noise = +40
  • feather = 100
  • flow = 100
  • density = 100
  • automask = ON (so you can see where you have painted by pressing O)
  • for area at top of cheeks, smile creases, etc, try a brush:
  • highlights = 67
  • shadows = 62
  • clarity = -38
  • sharpness = -33
  • flow = 45
  • feather = 40

step 3: set noise levels to further improve skin and whites of eyes

  • luminance = 31
  • detail = 50
  • contrast = 0
  • color = 25
  • detail = 50
  • smoothness = 50

step 4: adjust skin color

correct fake tan, etc

  • using the HSL method:
    • zoom in on the subject's face
    • go to HSL section, click on HSL
    • for each of hue, saturation and luminance, sequentially adjust each by dragging the marker onto the skin and adjusting up or down as needed
  • using the RGB curve method 1):
    • go to the Tone Curve and click on the small curve icon and this will allow you then to select channel
    • select channel red
    • drag the marker to subject's skin and read off the value eg 74%
    • repeat using the same bit of skin for each channel
    • calculate an adjustment value = (red - blue)/2
    • set the red channel on that skin to equal the green value + the adjustment value by holding down the shift key as you change it
    • set the blue channel on that skin to equal the green value - the adjustment value by holding down the shift key as you change it
    • fine tune green channel to taste

optionally convert to B&W

  • overall image B&W settings:
    • most images in B&W need areas of high contrast with areas of blacks and areas of whites
    • try using:
      • contrast = +30
      • highlights = -15
      • shadows = + 45
      • blacks = -50
      • clarity = +35
      • then click on B&W tab and adjust the color sliders to suit the image
        • drag control to skin and adjust to brighten skin as needed
    • then review settings to adjust for skin:
      • tone curve: for example, lights = +8, darks = -4
      • basic: whites = +45, blacks = -18
  • consider adding some split toning to gently colorize the image
    • eg. copper hue:
      • highlights:
        • hue = 24
        • saturation = 3
      • balance = +40
      • shadows:
        • hue = 14
        • saturation = 7

step 5: adjust eyes

  • pupil adjustment brush settings:
    • exposure = -4
    • contrast = -100
    • highlights = -100
    • shadows = -100
    • clarity = 40
    • saturation = -100
  • iris adjustment brush settings:
    • exposure = 0.35
    • contrast = 0
    • highlights = 0 to 10
    • shadows = 0 to 17
    • clarity = 10 - 40
    • saturation = 40
    • sharpness = 0 to 18
    • automask = ON
  • catchlights adjustment brush settings:
    • exposure = 0.35
    • contrast = 0
    • highlights = 0
    • shadows = 0
    • clarity = -8
    • saturation = 24
    • automask = ON
  • whites of eyes adjustment brush settings:
    • exposure = 0.14
    • contrast = 0
    • highlights = 0
    • shadows = 0
    • clarity = 0
    • saturation = -47
    • automask = ON

step 6 adjust lips

  • contrast = 0
  • highlights = 70
  • shadows = 0
  • clarity = 35
  • sharpness = 30
  • automask = ON
  • flow = 45
  • feather = 40
photo/lightroom_techniques.txt · Last modified: 2017/10/08 00:10 by gary1