Olympus 60mm macro

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Focus Stacking for macrophotography – easy as pie with Olympus cameras

Friday, July 14th, 2017

One of the main problems with macrophotography is inadequate depth of field – that is, not being able to get your whole subject in adequate focus.

In the macrophotography realm, it is common to only have around 1-2mm of subject depth in focus, forcing one to either use very small apertures such as f/16 (which then drops resolution due to diffraction effects, increases how annoyingly busy the background is as well as requiring much longer exposures).

Die hard macrophotographers resort to a very complex, time consuming technique to address this called focus stacking whereby they take a number of shots at slightly different focus distances and then on a computer, use special software to merge these together to give an apparent expanded depth of view.

Olympus has recently come to the rescue for those of us who are not quite as obsessive, and added a brilliant little feature to their latest cameras which does all this automatically – albeit, with some limitations, critically you can only do 8 shots, you have to use the electronic shutter, and the final merged image is a slightly cropped jpeg image – not a RAW file, so you really need to get your exposure correct, your white balance correct (DON’T USE Auto White Balance!) and your picture style correct BEFORE you shoot.

For more information on this, see Olympus focus stacking feature on my wikipedia.

It does take a little trial and error in choosing the best aperture and the step differential for a given lens and subject.

The step differential is the distance the camera will adjust the lens focus between each shot, and Olympus allow you to choose a number between 1 and 9, but they incorporate a complex algorithm to determine how much 1 step equates to depending upon the aperture and focus distance chosen – in practice it seems that 1 step is approximately 1/3rd of the depth of field, and thus for most subjects you probably are best to use a setting of 3-5.

All of the following were shot with the Olympus OM-D E-M1 II Micro Four Thirds camera with Olympus mZD 60mm f/2.8 macro lens (jpegs straight from camera just re-sized for web), and whilst not true 1:1 macros, they are good examples of what most people might try outdoors:

Here is a single shot straight from camera to show that you can often get away without focus stacking by using a small aperture, but the cost is a very busy background – this is a small 2cm toadstool attached to the side of a eucalypt tree in a dark forest shot at f/16 with an 8 sec exposure at ISO 200:


Here is the same shot taken with automatic in camera focus stacking, 8 images, f/4 at 0.5 sec at ISO 200 – note it is slightly cropped, but the background is now a lovely soft blur while the mushrooms are still adequately in focus – just amazing that the camera’s algorithms can create such an image!


Here is a closer shot of same subject at f/6.3, 0.6sec, ISO 200 with 8 image focus stacking:


Another example of some tiny mushrooms on a tree stump taken with focus stacking – without focus stacking I could only get 1 or 2 of these in focus even using a small aperture, and even with 8 image focus stacking I needed to resort to f/11, 2 sec exposures at ISO 200 to get as much as this in focus. These were only about 8mm height for the tallest one:


One more example, of a larger group of mushrooms which had a dead mosquito stuck to the surface and a couple of minute mite-like insects nearby – this was taken with the 8 image focus stacking at f/8, 0.5 sec at ISO 200 and the image has been cropped into portrait aspect (it was getting late and dark and I couldn’t be bothered adjusting the camera into portrait on the tripod and re-composing).


Not all shots will work for you, and you do need to avoid camera shake when triggering the exposure – unfortunately, it seems you cannot set a self timer delay in this mode, and you must remember to focus on the CLOSEST part you want in focus – the bracketing is a bit of a misnomer here as it doesn’t bracket either side of your focus point.

In addition, you need to use a tripod, and a lens which is compatible with this mode, and remember to reset your manual focus after each shot.

The native live view of mirrorless cameras, ability to get accurate manual focus with magnified view, and the ergonomics of the flip out screen makes this kind of photography far more enjoyable than with a clunky dSLR. It would be nice if the Olympus smartphone app allowed focus stacking in remote control as this would allow a total no touch technique and less camera shake, but alas it doesn’t as yet.

You will be surprised at how useful this is.

Of course, if you want the BEST image quality you should use focus bracketing mode without in-camera focus stacking to give you a self timer and lots more images to play with -  this will allow you may to use a smaller step differential of 1-2 and MANY images – perhaps a hundred! Then you can load them up in your favorite focus stacking software and hopefully get less artefacts.

Killing time in the botanic gardens with the Olympus mZD 60mm f/2.8 macro lens

Sunday, March 30th, 2014

What do you do when you have an hour or so to kill and you are in the CBD of a city such as Sydney?

Head for the botanic gardens for a relaxing walk and see what you can find.

As long as it is not windy, you can use the time to search for subjects for your macro lens – be warned, even the slightest movement of a plant will make your subject blurred unless you use a flash.

It was a very overcast day in low light so I was thankful I had the Olympus OM-D E-M5 with its 5-axis image stabiliser to help out with this hand held shot without flash in very low light using the lovely, light and very sharp Olympus mZD 60mm f/2.8 macro lens:

Australian native long legged fly

This dainty little metallic blue and green Australian fly is the long legged fly (Austrosciapus connexus) – which is mainly found along the east coast of Australia, Adelaide and Perth but not in southern Victoria or Tasmania.

And here are a few cacti that caught my attention:

cactus flower



And a water lily using the awesome Olympus 75mm f/1.8 lens at f/1.8:

water lily

This macro lens is fantastic, not only because it is incredibly sharp, and it has focus range limiters for faster AF which, by the way is very fast, and it is image stabilised in 5 axes by the E-M5, but it is so light and small you don’t even notice you are carrying it in your bag, and your hands don’t start shaking from its weight as you try to hold it steady for the shots.

Rainforest bushwalk with the new Olympus mZD 60mm f/2.8 macro lens

Saturday, December 8th, 2012

Olympus released the Olympus 60mm f/2.8 macro lens for Micro Four Thirds cameras in the middle of this year and I am now a proud owner of said lens.

I took it for a test drive on a few 4 hour rainforest bushwalks in our lovely Otway Ranges. I decided to leave my tripod and ring flash home so I could hike with a lighter pack – after all that is one of the enormous benefits of Micro Four Thirds – lighter, smaller cameras and lenses, reduced need for tripods as you can hand hold the Olympus 12mm lens down to about 1/3rd of a second to get those flowing water shots, and if you do want to bring a tripod, you can get away with a smaller, lighter tripod and tripod head.

These have had minimal post-processing in Lightroom with some vignetting added and some tonal adjustments done.

This lens has lovely bokeh!

Carnivorous native rainforest wild flower, Stylidium graminifolium:

carnivorous wildflower

Romance in the rainforest:


I spotted this tiny 3mm subject on a rock and thought it may be a rare type of carnivorous Otway snail … but on closer inspection it was just some hardened sap droplet which had fallen from the trees, but nevertheless, a worthy subject:

carnivorous snail or..

The Australian native bull ants are quite large ants measuring up to 2cm or so long, and have a painful bite which can be fatal if you happen to be allergic to it. This one was foraging in the dark recesses of the forest floor and was about 1cm long and normally very hard to focus whilst moving but the 60mm macro did a great job after a few tries of me getting used to how it worked:

bull ant

Lastly, a native Pelargonium wildflower:


The many formal lens tests show that this lens is at least as sharp and optically excellent as is the brilliant Olympus ZD 50mm f/2.0 macro lens, but this lens is lighter, has closer macro capabilities of 1:1 macro, faster, more silent AF, and importantly has autofocus limiters and a switch to take you to 1:1 focus point.

For hand held work at close macro distances near 1:1, even using the fantastic Olympus E-M5 with its 5-stop 5 axis image stabiliser, the high magnification requires shutter speeds faster than 1/125th second for reliable shooting.

Now I am just waiting on the Olympus Ring Flash adapter, and hopefully Olympus will develop a new macro flash system which is smaller, lighter, and be a master for controlling the remote TTL flashes – a major deficiency with the current macro flash system.

More photos on my Flickr account using this lovely lens can be seen here.