Micro Four Thirds and ability to blur the background

Written by Gary on December 28th, 2009

One of the common misconceptions is that you need a large sensor to blur the background, and the 2x crop factor of the Four Thirds and Micro Four Thirds cameras makes it harder to blur the background.

It is true that the 2x crop sensor means depth of field for the same subject magnification will be deeper for the same aperture, thus the depth of field at the same subject magnification using a 25mm f/1.4 lens will be similar to using a 50mm f/2.8 lens on a 35mm full frame camera.

HOWEVER, the mathematics of background blurring is DIFFERENT to the mathematics of depth of field.

Let’s have a look at this visually.

I have set up a little Christmas themed scene and aimed to keep the subject the same size in each image (the large one is ~8″ tall, while the middle one on which focus is set is ~5″ tall) and see what happens to the blurring of the background Christmas tree ornaments.

The Panasonic GH-1 makes this a little easier as you can use a native 3:2 image aspect ratio, the same as on my Canon 1D Mark III which has a larger sensor (1.3x crop factor compared with 2x for the GH-1).

Let’s have a look at what the Canon 1D Mark III can do with an Olympus OM 35mm f/2.8 lens at f/2.8 giving an effective focal length of 46mm and similar DOF to 46mm f/3.6 on a 35mm camera:

1DMIII 35mm f/2.8

Now for the same effective focal length on a Panasonic GH-1, firstly, an Olympus OM 24mm f/2.8 lens at f/2.8:

GH1 24mm f/2.8

Not bad, the background blurring is almost as good as in the Canon image (note also the different colour rendering even though using AWB and default picture modes).

But let’s see what we can achieve on the GH-1 with a Leica-D 25mm f/1.4 lens which in DOF terms should be similar to a 50mm f/2.8 lens on a 35mm full frame camera:

GH1 leicaD 25mm f/1.4

Wow, beautifully smooth bokeh, and much smoother than one would expect from the DOF equivalences alone.

And for comparison, the GH-1 with OM 35mm lens at f/2.8 (equiv. to 70mm focal length in 35mm film terms), with camera moved further away to maintain same subject magnification:

GH1 OM 35mm f/2.8

Other than the change in perspective (ie. less background visible) compared with the Canon image at the top of this post, the background blurring is very similar.

This is why so many people are loving the Panasonic 20mm f/1.7 lens – it is sharp, very compact, much cheaper than the Leica 25mm, perfect for social events and candid photography, gives a fast aperture for low light work and to top it off, allows nice background blurring at f/1.7 – better than a Canon 24-105mm f/4L lens and similar to, if not better than the Canon 24-70mm f/2.8L lens and the f/1.7 aperture nullifies any high ISO advantage of the larger format cameras when they are using f/2.8 or f/4 lenses.

Of course, Canon 1D users can resort to 35mm f/1.4 lenses, and Canon / Nikon full frame users can resort to a 50mm f/1.2 or f/1.4 lens to give even more background blurring at this effective focal length, but the result is a much bigger, heavier, more intimidating, less discrete and more expensive system.


3 Comments so far ↓

  1. shep says:

    A very important point to discuss. With a film camera (e.g. OM Olympus), there were lots of prime lenses which had good wide “bokeh” apertures, such as 50mm f1.8 and 100mm f2.8 while still very compact.
    It should be quite possible to make similar aperture primes for micro 4/3 m4/3 actually needs 2 stops wider apertures for bokeh equivalence, as you note). It’s a frustration that there are so few micro 4/3 primes as yet. We need out of focus backgrounds without having to resort to “legacy” lenses.
    The 20mm Panasonic and the 17mm Olympus are both too short for portraits, where bokeh backgrounds are particularly desirable. The m4/3 lenses sold and planned by Olympus are mostly zooms with small apertures, so we are much worse off than in OM days.
    I’d like to see a 50mm f2 and a 25mm f1.4 in micro 4/3 mounts.
    Another feature of those Zuiko lenses was that a huge range of primes, from 24mm to 200mm, all were designed to have the same filter size. Remember filters, anyone? Now we have a bizarre bunch of filter sizes such as 40.5mm, each lens different.

  2. admin says:

    Yes, hopefully Olympus will see that MFT users are really after a range of compact fast primes – as you point out, a 50mm f/2.0 and 100mm f/2.8 would be brilliant.

    Some may be happy using legacy lenses but many want AF capability in such lens, so hopefully Olympus will step up to the plate and deliver.

    I have a range of OM primes 21mm, 24mm, 28mm, 35mm, 50mm, 100mm and they all take a 49mm filter, its about time Olympus also gave some consideration to this too.

  3. admin says:

    oh, and they may as well give us a 150mm f/2.8, a 200mm f/2.8/3.5 and a 250mm f/4 made as small as possible too.

    we don’t really want an enormous heavy ZD 50-200mm f/2.8-3.5 on our MFT cameras, as nice as that lens is for Four Thirds.