Glossary of photographic terms
Photographic lighting equipment:
see also: studio flash & flash modifiers
large but light frame attached to a light source. It has a reflector surface in its rear & a diffusing material at the front to produce an even broad light source.
a conical device which is attached to a light source to limit the spread of light to a smaller circle.
adjustable flaps used with a studio light to control the width and height of the emitted light.
a grid the shape of a honeycomb which when placed in front of a light source to make the light more directional. Often used for controlling the light quality of hair lights.
a sheet of metal gauze used to soften lights (usually tungsten lights).
a perforated metal sheet, which when slotted into a studio light, projects a focused image onto the background.
a device used to shield a light source so that areas of the scene are shaded from it (eg. a sheet of cardboard)
monolite or monobloc flash head:
a self-contained studio flash, usually powered by AC power source and allows various attachments to allow the light to be modified.
usually have variable output settings full, half, quarter and some of the better ones even go to 1/32nd power.
usually have input for a PC sync cable to directly be triggered by your camera's PC sync outlet
usually have a optical slave trigger which can be set so the flash is triggered when it "sees" another flash go off - may be issues with AF cameras which have pre-flash flash firings.
usually have a modelling light 50-320W whose output can vary to match the output of the flash setting.
quad flash head:
a flash head powered by a power pack or generator.
usually a floor-standing box which can be used to power a number of quad flash heads, and usually have a power of 1500-6000w/s.