Background blurring test – Sigma 35mm f/1.4 on Sony a7II full frame vs Panasonic 20mm f/1.7 pancake on Micro Four Thirds

Written by Gary on March 25th, 2018

One of the main reasons many photographers prefer to use a big, heavy, expensive full frame system instead of a fun, lighter Micro Four Thirds system is that you can gain a greater degree of background blurring in certain situations which is just not possible with the smaller sensor of Micro Four Thirds.

For macro work and for telephotos, this is not really an issue as you get plenty of background blurring with both systems.

BUT, it is with wide angle lenses that full frame systems with their f/1.4 pro lenses should create a substantial difference – BUT how significant is this difference?

If your subject distance is more than 3m away, and you are using a 35mm lens on a full frame, then the degree of background blurring at each aperture from f/1.4 through to f/5.6 really does not change that much, so you will not see a massive difference between full frame and Micro Four Thirds at this field of view.

The closer the subject is, the greater the difference is possible IF you are shooting the 35mm full frame at f/1.4 vs a Micro Four Thirds 17mm f/1.2 lens (which gives a similar image to the full frame system as if you are shooting the full frame 35mm at f/2.4).

Now, I don’t have the beautiful, optically superb, Olympus micro ZD 17mm f/1.2 PRO lens to compare, so you will have to assume in the comparisons, it will look like the 35mm f/2.5 images.

I do have the lovely super compact, very sharp Panasonic 20mm f/1.7 pancake lens (original version) on my Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark I to test for this comparison, and it should come in with similar imagery as the massive, heavy Sigma 35mm f/1.4 lens when shot at f/3.5 (there is a slightly narrower field of view with the Panasonic lens – my apologies, but that should not take much away from this lesson) and the 1st two images are to demonstrate this, both focused on the leaves to the right perhaps where you would normally place your subject, but what I want you to carefully observe is the amount of blurring of the background in each of the images so you can decide if buying a big, heavy, expensive system is worth it for you:

These have all been taken as RAW files, opened in Lightroom 6, minor adjustment in exposure to make them roughly similar, auto white balance, and Adobe default camera profile used, the images were then resized for the web.

As usual, the links on this page take you to my wikipedia which gives more information – and NOT to a 3rd party online reseller.

Panasonic 20mm at f/1.7

Above is the Panasonic 20mm f/1/7 at f/1.7.

Sigma 35mm at f/3.5

Above is the Sigma 35mm f/1.4 ART lens at f/3.5 on a Sony A7II full frame mirrorless camera to give a similar depth of field as the Panasonic wide open.
Sigma 35mm at f/2.5

Above is the Sigma 35mm f/1.4 ART lens at f/2.5 to give a similar depth of field as the Olympus 17mm f/1.2 lens wide open.

Sigma 35mm at f/1.4

Above is the Sigma 35mm f/1.4 ART lens at f/1.4 to show the absolute maximum degree of background blurring this lens can achieve with a subject at this distance – is that enough to make you want this system or would it not make or break your image if you used the Olympus 17mm f/1.2 lens instead?

Sigma 35mm at f/5.6

Lastly, above is the Sigma 35mm f/1.4 ART lens at f/5.6 to give a similar depth of field as the Olympus 12-40mm f/2.8 lens at 17mm f/2.8 – an f/2.8 Micro Four Thirds wide angle lens is certainly not going to give you much background blurring unless the subject is much closer.

A couple of other notes to make with this test shoot:

  • despite the Panasonic lens being a 1st generation Micro Four Thirds lens with a “slow AF system”, the Panasonic 20mm was MUCH faster and more reliable at gaining AF on leaves moving a little in the wind than the Sigma lens, while the Sigma lens often hunted and sometimes would inexplicably lock focus on the background – it certainly was not fun and I couldn’t really trust it! HOWEVER, as I don’t have the Sigma USB Dock I can’t check if the lens has the latest firmware and seems it cannot be updated via the MC-11 adapter which has a USB connector for its own upgrade.
  • The Sigma lens also kept open and closing the aperture while I was trying to compose and lock focus which made the EVF experience quite poor – this is probably a lens firmware – have just ordered the Sigma USB Dock to update the firmware.
  • The Sigma lens was too big and heavy for the Sony a7II – it did not feel balanced and was very tiring to hold.
  • Unlike the Olympus 17mm f/1.2 lens, the Sigma lens is not weathersealed.

When used with a smaller Micro Four Thirds cameras such as the Olympus E-M5 II, one could put the Panasonic lens and camera in a jacket pocket quite easily – there is no chance you can do this with the full frame kit which will also be more that twice the weight.

The Sigma 35mm f/1.4 shooting at around 4m subject distance:

Sigma 35mm at f/1.4

Above is the Sigma 35mm f/1.4 ART lens at f/1.4

Both of these are essentially straight from the camera with the Sony a7II focused on the lovely Eucalyptus “gum” tree.

Sigma 35mm at f/5.6

Above is the Sigma 35mm f/1.4 ART lens at f/5.6 – the difference in background blurring is now quite subtle despite the lens being stopped way down to f/5.6, although the foreground blurring is more noticeable!

Moral of the story:

If you want to blur backgrounds either:

  • use a standard or telephoto lens with a relative wide aperture and stand further away to get the subject in frame,
  • use a wide angle lens with a wide aperture BUT have the subject closer than 2m – the closer the better for a blurred background
  • use software to add a Gaussian blur to the background – just as the smartphone companies are now doing in the latest iPhones.

Maybe full frame advantage is not all it is cracked up to be if your subject is more than 2m away!

I am not convinced the fairly minor increase in background blurring with the 35mm f/1.4 lens at f/1.4 at this subject distance would make a difference to my image in most situations – whether such an image succeeds or not will be far more dependent upon other factors such as subject, composition, lighting, etc.

Who should consider buying the Sigma 35mm f/1.4 ART lens?

Those with full frame cameras who primarily need it for either:

  • astrophotography (although it’s field of view is rather limiting unless you are doing panoramic stitches), or,
  • close up portraiture/fashion work with subject closer than 2m to provide a nice environmental style portrait – but you may want the Sony a7III, Sony a7RIII or Sony a9 to improve the AF speed.

Landscape, street or travel photographers do NOT need the bulk and weight of this lens to achieve their needs, a much smaller, lighter 35mm f/2.8 lens or a Micro Four Thirds option should suffice as most of the time you will be shooting at f/8-f/11 for adequate depth of field on a full frame camera in these scenarios (f/4-5.6 in Micro Four Thirds).

Post script:

The Sigma lens firmware was v1.4, I have now updated it to v2.0 via the Sigma USB Dock but still the AF-S focus locking is significantly slower than the Olympus – Panasonic combination and the Eye AF functionality works (in AF-S mode only with the Sony a7II) and has similar speed as the Eye AF on the Olympus but you need to press a button to activate it each time on the Sony – it is not automatic as on the Olympus cameras.

 

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