Olympus mZD 7-14mm f/2.8 PRO lens makes for a great astroscape lens for Milky Way photos

Written by admin on October 3rd, 2015

The Olympus mZD 7-14mm f/2.8 PRO lens on Micro Four Thirds equates to an ultra-wide angle 14-28mm zoom on full frame, and thankfully, the f/2.8 aperture allows sufficient light to create lovely astroscapes with very nice star shapes for such a wide angle lens which render the Milky Way very nicely indeed.

I have previously discussed the specs of this lens and compared it to the Olympus ZD 7-14mm f/4 lens for Four Thirds dSLRs in which I point out that thanks to the shorter sensor-lens flange distance by removing the clunky mirror of dSLRs, wide angle lenses can now be made much smaller and lighter – this lens is one stop faster at f/2.8 yet is substantially smaller, lighter and less expensive than the Four Thirds version.

How to get the shot:

When using a 14mm field of view lens in 35mm full frame terms for astroscapes where you don’t want to see star trailing and you don’t want to be using an equatorial mount to track the stars and offset the rotation of the earth, all you need do is the following:

  • find a location with minimal light pollution
  • preferably find an interesting foreground – and perhaps bring a torch to light it
  • choose a night without the moon in the sky
  • choose a time of year when the Milky Way is visible – for us in southern Australia, Sept-Oct is great as the southern Milky Way will be on the western part of the sky before midnight and the night temperatures are not as chilly
  • choose a wide angle, wide aperture lens with minimal coma aberrations and minimal purple fringing which is also sharp to the edges – now this is hard – Canon do not make such lenses for full frame, so full frame users generally resort to the Samyang/Rokinon 14mm f/2.8, for micro Four Thirds users, we now have this Olympus mZD 7-14mm f/2.8 or the new Olympus mZD 8mm f/1.8 fisheye
  • set camera to Live Boost (II if using the newer Olympus cameras) – if you don’t use Olympus cameras, you are out of luck, you may need to focus on a distant subject before it gets dark
  • manually focus on stars – this is hard unless you have a wide aperture lens and Live View Boost such as with Olympus cameras (the E-M5 mark I really needs a lens wider than f/2.8, but the newer cameras have Live Boost II which allows f/2.8 lenses to view and compose stars in the viewfinder)
  • set camera on a sturdy tripod
  • initially you may wish to use the superb EVF instead of the screen to manually focus and compose
  • compose your image – in the Southern Hemisphere look for the two transverse stars of the southern cross and follow them past the pointers (Centaurus) and this will lead you to the centre of the Milky Way in Scorpio and Sagittarius
  • optionally, use the flip out LCD screen to monitor the rest of the image taking and reviewing of the image
  • set your camera to RAW – you will be doing a bit of post-processing to optimise the image (reduce light pollution, etc), thus a jpeg just won’t cut it.
  • ensure your camera is set to do an automatic dark frame thermal noise subtraction (in Olympus cameras, this is in the menu under CogsG, Noise Reduction – set it to Auto (can leave it here for all your photography)
  • set your camera to white balance – perhaps sunny WB – not critical as you are shooting in RAW
  • turn off image stabilisation as you are using a tripod
  • set self timer on to 2secs
  • set your exposure mode to Manual
  • set exposure to f/2.8 (if using an f/1.8 Olympus fisheye use f/1.8), 20-30secs (if you use longer, you will get star trailing unless you use a fisheye), ISO 1600-3200 (this is probably the optimum range)
  • take the shot (NB. as we already know optimum exposure, no need for Live Time setting in Olympus cameras which updates you visually on your exposure)
  • when you get back home, post-process to your heart’s content eg. adjust WB, darken blacks, apply gentle noise reduction, etc

My quick Milky Way astroscapes:

Milky Way

then along came a train at the end of a 30sec exposure to light up the scene, while the signals turned green:

Milky Way

The above was taken at a location with still quite a bit of light pollution from the nearby towns as well as the city of Melbourne which was around 60km away.



Hiking with the Olympus mZD 7-14mm f/2.8 PRO lens – what is it good for, how can it best be used?

Written by admin on October 3rd, 2015

Following on from my previous post on Olympus mZD 40-150mm f/2.8 lens with MC14 1.4x teleconverter for hiking, last night I ventured out on another solo sunset bushwalk on a different track through the gorges – but this time I brought some head lamps to get me back in the dark!

For the hike, I only took 2 cameras and lenses as with the last walk, but this time did not use the MC14 teleconverter, and again both cameras were carried on my waist belt which really takes the weight of my back which is fantastic – but see my last post for issues with this method.

The Olympus mZD 7-14mm f/2.8 PRO lens on Micro Four Thirds equates to an ultra-wide angle 14-28mm zoom on full frame, and thankfully, the f/2.8 aperture and image stabilisation provided by the Olympus OM-D E-M5 allows when to keep shooting hand held in the gorges after sunset whilst keeping ISO at only 400 which allowed for f/5 shots for adequate depth of field and 1/6th to 1/3rd sec shots hand held even though my heart was pumping from the exertion and a little fear of heights as I stood on the edge of a 100m sheer drop to get some of the shots!

I have previously discussed the specs of this lens and compared it to the Olympus ZD 7-14mm f/4 lens for Four Thirds dSLRs in which I point out that thanks to the shorter sensor-lens flange distance by removing the clunky mirror of dSLRs, wide angle lenses can now be made much smaller and lighter – this lens is one stop faster at f/2.8 yet is substantially smaller, lighter and less expensive than the Four Thirds version.

What can you use such a wide angle lens for and how can you use it to get the best visual impact?

Ultra wide angle lenses do take a bit of practice to make the most of them and are not to everyone’s tastes but can really add an important tool in your kit, even for hiking.

Most people would initially think, great it lets me shoot really wide shots so I don’t have to bother with panoramic stitching. Whilst that is true, you will end up with lots of sky which can be boring.

A better use is to find an interesting foreground object (these are not always easy to find on Australian bushwalks) and ensure focus is on that subject, and stop down the aperture to give enough depth of field to give the object context and perspective of the landscape background.

Other uses for a lens like this include:

  • ultra wide angle shots of alley way graffiti art – often alleys do not allow one to get far enough back with other lenses to capture the entire artwork – this lens will, and as alleyways tend to be dark, you can use this lens hand held in darker conditions than most other camera combinations.
  • Milky Way astroscapes like the one I captured in the next post after the walk at the railroad crossing – these require a wide aperture lens (f/2.8 or wider), a ultra-wide angle lens (14mm full frame) which is very well corrected for coma aberrations, purple fringing, etc which would otherwise make for ugly star shapes – this 7-14mm lens is really very nice for this.
  • indoors – the lens is awesome for available light real estate agent shots and architecture
  • creative works

Let’s see what I managed to get on my very hurried hike in low light:

First an overall view of the gorge after sunset. Olympus mZD 7-14mm f/2.8 PRO lens at 7mm f/5 1/3rd sec hand held on top of a sheer drop down a gorge after sunset, ISO 400.


The sheer drop down the cliff, Olympus mZD 7-14mm f/2.8 PRO lens at 7mm f/5 1/5th sec hand held:


The narrow walking trail of the spur, Olympus mZD 7-14mm f/2.8 PRO lens at 7mm f/5 ¼ sec hand held:


The narrow walking trail of the spur, Olympus mZD 7-14mm f/2.8 PRO lens at 7mm f/5 1/6th sec hand held:


More uses for the 7-14mm:

Forest canopy at sunset, Olympus mZD 7-14mm f/2.8 PRO lens at 14mm f/4 1/60th sec hand held.

forest canopy at sunset

Here is how it performs in a dark alley at dusk:

Olympus mZD 7-14mm f/2.8 PRO lens at 9mm f/3.5 1/3rd sec hand held.

alley graffiti art

And some more bokeh shots with the Olympus mZD 40-150mm f/2.8:

62mm at f/2.8:


70mm f/2.8:




Olympus mZD 40-150mm f/2.8 lens with MC14 1.4x teleconverter for hiking

Written by admin on September 28th, 2015

Those who follow my blog probably realise that I love getting away by myself and doing short 2-4 hour hikes into the forests and gorges, and if, like today, you start one of these hikes 2 hours before sunset and you take more time than one should for photos, it works better than a personal trainer as you really have to get a move on climbing those steep gorges to get back to the car safely before it really is too dark – there is no mobile phone reception in these gorges, so all the more reason to take extra care and not sprain an ankle in the process.

As is my want and need, I carry 2 Olympus OM-D Micro Four Thirds cameras on these hikes, and to take the weight off my back I carry them on a waist belt harness with quick release systems for the cameras.

This works superbly for me except for a few potential problems:

  • if you are not careful, direct sunlight can enter the rear of the viewfinder of mirrorless cameras such as these and potentially cause permanent damage to the EVF as happened with my E-M1 whilst walking around Uluru (see previous posts).
  • if you use the Olympus HLD-6 grip for the E-M5, the weight of the camera supported by the quick release mechanism gradually and permanently deforms and twists the HLD-6 grip making the grip part feel loose – hence I bought a dummy grip from China to try out for this walk and so far it works fine.
  • I have noticed that with heavier lenses such as my Olympus ZD 50-200mm lens and with the Olympus mZD 40-150mm f/2.8 lens, there is a risk the lens can rotate on the camera mount with risk of it coming off – I now regularly check for this.
  • your cameras are exposed to knocks against trees, rocks, etc, so you have to remember to allow room for them as you walk
  • you need to be mindful that you might dislodge the lens cap, especially the one for the 7-14mm lens – consider buying a lens cap cable attachment

Today on my Spring walk through Werribee Gorge, I chose to take just two lenses – the Olympus mZD 40-150mm f/2.8 lens with MC14 1.4x teleconverter, and the Olympus mZD 7-14mm f/2.8 PRO lens (the latter lens I will talk about in a future blog post), and although rain was not on the radar, both these kits are very splash-proof, so a bit of rain would not be hurting them whilst carried in this manner.

Carrying these two lenses made me visualise the scenery in very different ways, with the Olympus mZD 40-150mm f/2.8 lens with MC14 1.4x teleconverter, I am always looking for distant scenes to capture, wildlife, or for closer scenes to explore how it paints the out of focus backgrounds and how pleasant or busy the bokeh is, in much the way as I use my Olympuis mZD 75mm f/1.8 lens.

The Olympus 40-150mm with MC14 adapter effectively becomes an easily hand held, relatively light and compact 112-420mm f/4 zoom in 35mm full frame field of view terms.

Some of the images below could have been taken without the MC14, but I didn’t have the time to be taking it on and off, so I just left it on until dusk when the very low light levels meant that leaving it off was the best option to gain that extra 1 stop of light.

Here are a few quick edits of some of my ugly Australian gorges taken with some nice golden hour light – I wish I could have just stayed and sat there until the stars came out – maybe one day when I get my ultra-light one man tent set up!

gorgeous light silhouetting a gum tree

above image taken at 56mm f/4 (widest zoom with MC14 and widest aperture)

bokeh testing

above image taken at 95mm f/8

bokeh testing

above image taken at 77mm f/4

bokeh testing

above image taken at 155mm f/4.5

bokeh testing

above image taken at 210mm f/4 (longest zoom with MC14 = 420mm in full frame terms and widest aperture)

surreal granite

above image taken at 73mm f/9

the van with added flare

above image taken at 210mm f/6.3 and I have added some extra sun flare in post.

gums on the cliff

above image taken at 210mm f/8

After the sun had set, and the light became dim in the gorges on the way back, it was time to take the MC14 teleconverter off, ramp up the ISO to 800, so I could take this bokeh-centric image at 67mm f/2.8 at 1/15th sec hand held while I was catching my breath after walking up and down the valley path along Ironbark Gorge:

value walk

I really enjoyed this walk although it was like interval training for my heart, and didn’t even notice the weight of the cameras on my hips, although I do prefer the beautiful bokeh of the Olympus mZD 75mm f/1.8 lens, but of course, this lens cannot give the telephoto reach of the 40-150mm.



1 month of playing with the Olympus mZD 40-150mm f/2.8 PRO lens

Written by admin on September 16th, 2015

I finally indulged myself and added the Olympus mZD 40-150mm f/2.8 PRO lens + MC14 1.4x teleconverter adapter to my Micro Four Thirds travel kit.

I have already blogged about the specs and comparisons with other lenses on my earlier post here.

Why would I  buy this?

when I already have the awesome Olympus mZD 75mm f/1.8 lens and the Olympus ZD 50-200mm f/2.8-3.5 SWD Four Thirds lens?

  1. Olympus Australia are kind enough to be selling this kit at a very low price given the $Australian has plummeted some 30% over the past year – you can still get the lens + MC14 for $A1648 whereas on amazon.com, the kit sells in USA for $US1819 which at the current exchange rate would put it at $A2600!
  2. It is an extremely versatile lens covering 80-300mm field of view in full frame terms with a constant f/2.8 wide aperture for fast AF and better low light shooting in a wonderfully compact well built weathersealed body and very close focus to boot!
  3. The MC14 extends reach to 210mm at f/4 which equates to an easily hand-holdable 420mm sports/wildlife lens.
  4. It is a great match for the Olympus mZD 12-40mm f/2.8 PRO and the Olympus mZD 7-14mm f/2.8 PRO lenses making up the “holy trinity” of zoom lenses providing weathersealed image stabilised coverage from 14mm to 420mm.
  5. I have loved the Olympus ZD 50-200mm f/2.8-3.5 SWD Four Thirds lens as a lens to have beside me in the car as I drive through the country side and stop for interesting distant scenery, and this lens will do a similar job but with much faster AF especially on my E-M5 camera

Comparison with full frame 70-200mm f/2.8 lenses

Yes, this lens is also f/2.8 and covers a wider focal length range at half the price and half the weight, but please do not think this lens will give anywhere near the same imagery as a f/2.8 full frame lens when it comes to subject isolation and shallow depth of field, it will NOT!

If you want this degree of shallow depth of field on a 2x cropped sensor as is the case with Micro Four Thirds, then you are best to use the wide aperture prime lenses such as the Panasonic 42.5mm f/1.2 and the Olympus mZD 75mm f/1.8 lens.

This lens will give lovely out of focus backgrounds to your portraits when used at 150mm f/2.8 (equates to a 300mm f/5.6 on full frame in this regard and although the focal length is very long for portraits, you do get a nice compressed, minimally distracting background).

At shorter focal lengths, the effective full frame aperture is f/5.6 and as such the lens will not be able to give the same out of focus blur as with a f/2.8 full frame or a Olympus mZD 75mm f/1.8 lens.

Some reviewers have commented the bokeh can be quite busy with this lens when shooting a busy background but in my tests below, it is not much different to shooting the Olympus mZD 75mm f/1.8 lens at f/2.8.

See table of comparisons of telephoto zoom lenses.

Now for some of my real world tests over the past month:

I had it with me when I decided to check out the Hermitage art exhibition at Melbourne’s National Gallery Victoria (NGV) and decided to see how such a lens would fair hand held without a flash taking shots of a few of the art works. I had no trouble getting sharp, beautiful images of the paintings (although it is not the lens I would choose for this), however I won’t bore you with these images – just take my word for it – they came out extremely well thanks to the OM-D camera’s image stabilisation system.

Bokeh tests:

What I really wanted to discover is how well it rendered the background, so here are a few comparison images:


Winter wattle in bloom – 150mm f/2.8 – this wattle is about 2m tall and I was some 3m away so this would give you an idea of the beautifully crisp, imagery with wonderful micro-contrast that one could expect for a portrait as well, but the busy sun dappled background is starting to look a touch busy but very acceptable.


Prickly pear at 150mm f/2.8 to show that even a fairly busy background full of grass blades can render very nicely indeed.

But how does it compare with the Olympus mZD 75mm f/1.8 lens when shot at 75mm f/2.8 and a busy background?

First, the Olympus mZD 75mm f/1.8 lens at f/1.8:

mZD75mm at f/1.8

Now the 40-150mm lens at 75mm f/2.8 – yep, the background is much busier and more distracting

mZD 40-150mm at 75mm f/2.8

BUT, it looks almost the same as the Olympus mZD 75mm f/1.8 lens at f/2.8:

mZD75mm at f/2.8

Next, how does it do with birds in flight with the MC14?

Disclaimer – I do not shoot birds in flight usually, but in my first go at a blackbird some 100m away, it got 3 out of 4 frames in focus but you do need to have your settings optimised – here is a substantially cropped version:

bird in flight

Now, a test of its lens flare capabilities:

Here is a shot almost directly into the setting sun and in this extreme test, it does show a large area of magenta flare below the sun – hand held long exposure waterfall shot:


Well, what do I think?

I think it is a fantastic lens as long as one is aware it has limitations and it is not going to replace a full frame 70-200mm f/2.8 for shallow depth of field work!

When mated to the Olympus OM-D cameras, they really value add to it with their superb image stabilisation, fast, accurate AF and their amazing ability to accurately autofocus on your subject’s closest eye almost anywhere in the frame – this is just not possible with dSLR cameras.

This lens is great for a multitude of uses – distant landscapes or scenery (perhaps the biggest lens I would like to carry on a bushwalk, and great for driving along the backroads and shooting interesting farm buildings, etc without entering private property),  portraits (especially when used at 150mm f/2.8 if you can stand far enough away), sports, wildlife and nature photography.

Why not buy a Canon or Nikon dSLR and telephoto zoom instead?

Sure you can buy a Canon 70D dSLR for a similar price as a E-M1 or E-M5 II, and you could get even further telephoto reach if you mate it with the excellent Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L IS  USM lens BUT:

  • the Canon lens is almost twice the price and twice the weight at 1.6kg – far too heavy for my longer bushwalks and far too intimidating for many situations
  • the 70D is not well matched to such a heavy lens and will not AF on a subject’s eye
  • the f/4.5-5.6 aperture means you need to bump up the ISO by 2 stops resulting in less image quality in low light – you could buy a full frame dSLR such as a Nikon D810E or Canon 5D Mark III and get better image quality in terms of megapixels, and similar noise at the higher ISO needed, but then you have an even bigger and much more expensive camera to carry, and you lose the telephoto reach advantage of the cropped sensor camera.
  • shooting movies on the 70D without a tripod is much more problematic as you can’t look through the viewfinder to steady the camera
  • you don’t get all the lovely EVF functions to assist manual focus and exposure such as live magnified view, focus peaking, live histograms, live shadow-highlight warnings, etc.
  • the 70D viewfinder is no match for the latest EVF’s.

Let’s do a comparison of pro quality weathersealed image stabilised 3 zoom lenses + fisheye in terms of weight and cost:

Olympus OM-D E-M1 + 3 x f/2.8 zooms
Canon 70D Canon 5D MIII + no f/2.8 zooms
Nikon D810 + 2 x f/2.8 zooms
camera $A1169, 0.5kg
$A1229, 0.76kg $A3299, 0.95kg $A3349, 0.9kg
fisheye lens Oly 8mm f/1.8 $A1265, 0.32kg ?? – Canon do not make one for APS-C cameras Canon EF 8-15mm f/4L $A1618 0.54kg unique zoom fisheye but f/4, no IS Nikon AF 16mm f/2.8D $A1177, 0.29kg BUT NOT weathersealed and no IS
14-28mm lens Oly 7-14mm f/2.8 $A1499, 0.53kg Canon EF-S 10-22mm f/3.5-4.5 $A766 0.64kg BUT NOT weathersealed and only 16-35mm fov Canon EF 16-35mm f/4L IS $A1599 0.62kg only 16-35mm fov, (alternatively, Canon EF 11-24mm f/4L $A3897 wider fov but no IS) Nikon AF-S 14-24mm f/2.8G $A2797, 0.97kg
24-70mm lens Oly 12-40mm f/2.8 $A859, 0.38kg Canon EF-S 17-55mm f/2.8 IS $A1069, 0.65kg but NOT weathersealed Canon EF 24-105mm f/4L IS $A1499, 0.67kg (or Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8 $A2372, 0.8kg but no IS) Nikon AF-S 24-70mm f/2.8 VR $A2998, 1.07kg
comparable pro telephoto lens reach Oly 40-150mm f/2.8 +MC14 $A1699, 1.05kg Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-6.3L $A2600, 1.6kg Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-6.3L IS $A2600 1.6kg Nikon AF-S 80-400mm f/4.5-5.6G ED VR $A3443 1.59kg but flimsy tripod mount
total cost $A6491 $A5664 but no fisheye lens, and wide angle and std zooms not weathersealed $10,615 but ultrawide only to 16mm $A13,764 but this includes the best image quality camera and the best wide angle and standard zooms, both at f/2.8
total weight 2.78kg 3.65kg but no fisheye 4.38kg but std IS zoom is f/4 not f/2.8 4.82kg but great f/2.8 lenses
comments fast CDAF with eye detection AF; EVF functions; ultra-wide and fisheye have IS; faster more accurate AF;
1 stop more shallow DOF for std zoom lens only; no coverage of short telephoto range but get more reach although camera is ergonomically too small for this telephoto lens v.good image quality; 1 stop more shallow DOF as these are f/4 lenses best image quality; 2 stops more shallow DOF if using the f/2.8 lenses

The weight differences get even greater when you start adding in a 2nd body, a macro lens and prime lenses not to mention a 600mm field of view super telephoto lens.

With the Micro Four Thirds solution, you can even add a second body and a 75mm f/1.8 prime and an iPad and still be under 5kg for air travel cabin luggage!

If you need more telephoto reach:

There are 2 forthcoming lenses for Micro Four Thirds which should whet your appetite:


DJI Zenmuse X5R Micro Four Thirds aerial quadcopter 4K RAW camera system takes high quality aerial videography to a new level

Written by admin on September 12th, 2015

Let me start out by pointing out that I am not into videography, but there is something about beautifully smooth, high image quality, aerial video footage in cinema movies that makes the movies that much more compelling to watch, and I could see there are endless cinematic opportunities for a system which can deliver this.

DJI Zenmuse have previously had a quadcopter drone with a Go Pro camera in their X3 system but their newly announced X5 system takes this to a whole new level by adding a much larger and thus much higher image quality Micro Four Thirds based sensor camera with a Micro Four Thirds interchangeable lens mount.

To me, if one was going to fly a camera and control it remotely, the Micro Four Thirds sensor size would appear to give the optimum characteristics of image quality, compact, light size of the camera and lens to allow optimum GPS-based image stabilisation corrections at a sub-pexel level for smooth, sharp imagery and longer quadcopter battery life, adequate depth of field at wide open apertures.

And so we now have what appears to be an awesome system that purports to achieve all this – just look at the specs of the DJI Zenmuse X5R system!

DJI Zenmuse X5R system specifications:

  • DJI Inspire 1 Quadcopter
    • RRP $US2299
    • 1.2mile range, 360deg unobstructed views
    • GPS-based stabilisation system (precision accuracy of 0.02° giving sub-pixel stabilization)
    • Optical Flow Sensor for Indoor Flying
    • DJI Lightbridge System Integrated as well as 720p monitoring via Lightbridge
  • DJI Zenmuse X5R camera and 3 axis gimbal kit
    • RRP $US4999
    • 12.8 stops dynamic range 16mp sensor with ISO range of 100-25600, 7fps stills, and shutter to 1/8000th sec
    • records to a removable 512Gb SSD drive
    • records 16mp RAW stills or incredible lossless cinema 24p/30p 4K RAW 1.7Gbps (average bit rate, max. 2.4Gbps) video
    • ease of use to give “effortless aerial imaging”:
      • in auto-focus mode, simply tap on the screen of your mobile device to tell the camera to focus on a specific area
      • easily manually change settings such as focus, shutter, and aperture through the user-friendly DJI GO app
      • Zebra Pattern and Focus Peaking
  • Follow-Focus compatible Micro Four Thirds lenses:
  • optional DJI remote controlled Follow Focus controller for manual focus
    • follow focus controller $US1999 and remote controller $US999 works to 100m line of sight

If you don’t need 4K RAW video and are happy with just 4K video, then the much more affordable DJI Zenmuse X5 with 3 axis gimbal may address your needs:

  • 30p 4K, 30p 2.7K and 60p HD video
  • record to microSD cards (no SSD drive option)
  • RRP $US1699


X5 size

You need to check out their website for example videos and more details.

Yep, no more cumbersome dollies and learning image stabilisation rigs to do videos with a camera that moves, just do it with this quadcopter for amazing perspectives and versatility and 4K RAW video to boot is just amazing!

Sure, it may not have the 14 stops dynamic range of the newly announced 12mp Sony a7S II full frame mirrorless camera but this kit will be more manoeuvrable, less expensive (especially if it crashes or an eagle attacks it), give 4K RAW video, and should give imagery quality and perspectives not possible with a heavier and larger Sony kit.

I really wish I had one of these for the canyon shots in Northern Territory!

Thanks to 43Rumors website for bringing this to my attention.


A photographer’s guide to exploring central Australia – Part V – Kata Tjuta (The Olgas)

Written by admin on August 18th, 2015

My last post in this series exploring the Red Centre of Australia which previously included the posts:

This post explores the famous Kata Tjuta (The Olgas) which formed in a similar way to Uluru but from alluvial conglomerate rock deposits from the nearby mountain ranges which were once as high as the Himalayas. See the previous post on Uluru for an explanation of the geology of how these massive rocks formed.

Kata Tjuta consists of a number of rounded conglomerate rock formations which at 546m above the plain are substantially higher than Uluru (348m above the plain). It is some 50km west of Uluru on bitumen road within the park.

Uluru and Kata Tjuta are listed at #33 in the Lonely Planet’s Top 500 travel destinations in the world for 2015. Australia is the only country represented twice in the top 12 destinations with the Great Barrier Reef at #2 and the Twelve Apostles at #12, and even gets a 3rd mention at #20 with MONA art gallery in Hobart.

from the air

Unfortunately one is NOT permitted to stop your car along the road near Kata Tjuta (for the 16km stretch west of the Kata Tjuta sunset viewing platform), and as with Uluru, you must vacate the park by closure time which is currently 7.30pm in winter. An important issue for those with rental cars is that you will NOT be covered by any insurance if you have an accident after sunset, so the 45 min drive back to Yulara after sunset viewing of Kata Tjuta poses financial risk of potentially paying for the replacement cost of the vehicle if you happen to hit wildlife – although risk does appear low here if one drives carefully and at reduced speed.

Kata Tjuta sunset at 100kph

One of the better views at sunset of Kata Tjuta but at this area, one is not permitted to stop the car so this was out the window while car was moving.


The last blue moon for 3 years and I managed to capture this from the Kata Tjuta dune viewing platform, although from 30km west of Uluru, the moon was still too far south from Uluru to allow a telephoto lens to make it look larger and still capture it in the same image as Uluru. One is not allowed to just stop your car anywhere in the park so planning these shots are quite limited to certain locations. Olympus OM-D E-M5 hand held with Olympus mZD 12-40mm lens at f/5, 1/160th sec, ISO 200, 40mm focal length and Vivid picture tone.

There are only two car park locations to choose from:

  • Kata Tjuta dune viewing platform which is directly south of Kata Tjuta and a 600m walk from the car park, and in winter after sunset, will give a silhouette view, but also the only view of Uluru from Kata Tjuta
  • one of the 3 main Kata Tjuta car parks (west of Kata Tjuta) from which you can do the various walks through Kata Tjuta – although none of the peaks can be climbed – they are just far too steep to allow that

Walks at Kata Tjuta:

There are two main places from which to walk:

  • Walpa Gorge – the easiest walk, 2.6km, 1hr return
  • Valley of the Winds – there are 3 options on this more strenuous up and down hill walk on often unstable rocky ground – short 2.2km 1hr return walk to Karu Lookout, or continue on for a 5.4km 2-2.5hr return walk to Karingana Lookout, or continue from there to a circuit walk which takes you back to Karu Lookout and covers 7.4km which will take average walkers 4hrs in total- none of these give views of Uluru and the circuit part requires a permit for commercial photography!

The walks are closed if temperature is above 36degC, and you should take water and sun protection as well as sturdy shoes/boots with good soles. Sun protection would not be needed if walking just before sunset.

In hot weather aim to complete the walks by 11am. The hottest part of the day is usually 4pm in summer when temperatures in the sun can reach close to 50degC. Go in winter!

I only had time to do a quick return walk to Karingana Lookout before the sun set on us:

Kata Tjuta walk just before sunset

Kata Tjuta walk just before sunset

At Karingana Lookout:

Karingana Lookout

Karingana Lookout

Karingana Lookout

Above, the view east from Karingana Lookout – the view to Uluru is blocked.

Karingana Lookout

On the return walk back from Karingana Lookout:

Kata Tjuta walk just before sunset

Kata Tjuta walk just before sunset

All images were shot using Micro Four Thirds cameras – the Olympus OM-D E-M5 and E-M1 combined with Olympus mZD 12-40mm f/2.8 lens and the Olympus ZD 50-200mm f/2.8-3.5 SWD lens.


A photographer’s guide to exploring central Australia – Part IV – Uluru (Ayers Rock)

Written by admin on August 8th, 2015

My 4th post in this series exploring the Red Centre of Australia which previously included the posts:

This post explores the famous Uluru (Ayer’s Rock) which is the largest monolith in the world, and what you see is only the tip of the iceberg so to speak.

It is over 460km by road from Alice Springs, but thankfully it is all bitumen now but Google estimates it should take you 6 hours by car (under 1hr by air), and that is not including another day or two diversion to the wonderful King’s Canyon.

Accommodation is relatively expensive at the nearby resort town of Yulara and overnight stays are NOT permitted within the Uluru park which will cost you $25 per person to enter for up to 3 days.

  • Ayers Rock Resort offers a variety of accommodation including camping
  • luxury accommodation at Longitude 131 ($2,400 per night for a luxury tent with views of Uluru)

There are direct flights to Ayers Rock Airport from most capital cities and from Alice Springs, but be aware, there is only one direct flight each day from Melbourne. There is car rental available.

As mentioned in Part I, it is usually best avoided in the very hot Australian summer months of Dec-Feb, but these months are more likely to give you storms and clouds which may offer a different experience of the rock.

Walking around the rock is quite exposed and will take some 2.5-3hrs to walk the 10.5-11.5km flat easy walking gravel circuit – you will need a sun hat, sunglasses, UV protection, drinking water, a snack, good shoes, and on chilly winter mornings, a warm jacket. – and of course, your camera!

This walk is a MUST DO for everyone once in their life as it is the only way to experience the wonderful rock formations intimately.

Please do NOT climb the rock as not only is it dangerous in wind or rain in particular, but it is disrespectful of the indigenous peoples’ wishes.

There are a number of spots at which tourists can capture sunrise or sunset, and you must exit the park by closure which in winter is at 7.30pm (winter sunset is around 6.30pm in August), and if you are really keen you can book a ride in a helicopter for a unique sunset or sunrise photo, or go for a sunset camel ride.



The last blue moon for 3 years and I managed to capture this one near Uluru, although from 30km west of Uluru, the moon was still too far south from Uluru to allow a telephoto lens to make it look larger and still capture it in the same image as Uluru. One is not allowed to just stop your car anywhere in the park so planning these shots are quite limited to certain locations. Olympus OM-D E-M5 hand held with Olympus mZD 12-40mm lens at f/5, 1/160th sec, ISO 200, 40mm focal length and Vivid picture tone.

The circuit walk around Uluru:

One generally starts at the car park where tourists used to climb the rock and the assistance chain is still in place so unfortunately some tourists still do climb it without respecting the wishes of the local peoples who view this as a significant sacred site.


The myriad variations of light and shadow depending upon the time of day and season allows the photographer to get creative no matter when they go – we started at around 10am and so no Golden Hour for us, but still awesome shooting:



Erosions in a cave

As you pass around the north side, you are asked not to photograph certain sacred areas of the features, but once past this, you are treated to a few features which you can apparently photograph:


Perhaps an image of a dinosaur at the base?


A massive humanoid skull?









And, as always, there will be tourists who disrespect the indigenous owner’s wishes and will climb the rock.

All images were shot using Micro Four Thirds cameras – the Olympus OM-D E-M5 and E-M1 combined with Olympus mZD 12-40mm f/2.8 lens and the Olympus ZD 50-200mm f/2.8-3.5 SWD lens with a polarising filter.

The fascinating geological history of Uluru and Kata Tjuta:


900 million years ago, a depression formed in central Australia called the Amadeus Basin and this area received layer upon layer of sediment.

550 million years ago the Petermann Ranges to the west of Kata Tjuta were taller than they are now (thought to be as high as present day Himalayas at 10,000m)  as they were pushed up by movement of the southern Musgrave Province block of earth crust during the Petermann Orogeny.

Plants had not evolved this long ago, so rainwater flowing down the mountains eroded sand and rock and dropped it in big fan shapes on the surrounding plain.

One fan had mainly water-smoothed rocks (and would later form the Olgas or Kata Tjuta consisting of conglomerate rock). The other fan was mainly sand (shedding of granite feldspar crystals and dumped at the base of the ranges, and would later form grey arkose, a coarse grained sandstone rich in the mineral feldspar, to become Uluru). Both fans became kilometres thick.

500 millions years ago, the whole area became covered in sea with a tropical seaway forming through Central Australia and out through the Kimberley. Sand and mud fell to the bottom of the sea and covered the seabed, including the fans. The weight of the new seabed turned both it and the 2.5km thick fans beneath into rock.

400 million years ago, the sea disappeared and the whole of Central Australia began to be subjected to massive forces during the Alice Springs Orogeny event which raised the region above sea level. Some rocks folded and tilted. The rocky fan tilted slightly. The sand fan tilted 90 degrees so the layers of sandstone almost stood on end and became pushed down into the crust in the process, and the forces created very hard rock.

Over the last 300 million years, the softer rocks have eroded away, leaving the very hard rock parts of the old fans exposed. Kata Tjuta is a hard part of the old rocky fan which was tilted 15-20deg during the Alice Springs Orogeny. Uluru is part of the sand fan, with its beds of sandstone nearly vertical.

Uluru is the tip of a huge slab of rock that continues below the ground for possibly five to six kilometres.

The surface of Uluru is red as the iron in the arkose sandstone becomes oxidised as it becomes exposed to air.

Between Uluru and Kata Tjuta is an old valley which is filled with sediment up to 100 metres thick. The sand layers in these sediments hold water which eventually seeps into Lake Amadeus. Near the airport, the water table is only 12m underground and bores supply the water for the resort. The underground water basin forms from rains soaking through over the past 7,000 years.
The sand dunes have largely remained in their same positions for the past 30,000 years.

see also: http://www.parksaustralia.gov.au/uluru/pub/fs-geology.pdf


Next… the Olgas…



A photographer’s guide to exploring central Australia – Part III – the West Macdonnell Ranges and their gorges

Written by admin on August 7th, 2015

Following on from my introduction to the Red Centre which covered why go, getting there, accommodation and car hire issues, and my post on Alice Springs, the indigenous peoples, road trauma and climbing Mt Gillen, it is now turn to highlight the quick tourist’s view of the West Macdonnell Ranges or Tjoritja (I did not get time to see the East Macdonnell Ranges on this trip … maybe another time).

You can explore these ranges by hiring a car (preferably a 4WD to better negotiate a few kilometres of gravel roads to some of the gorges), or you can go via a tour bus.

An excellent option which I took was to stay overnight at the Glen Helen Resort which is at almost the far west end of the ranges some 132km from Alice Springs on bitumen road, or, if you have a caravan or tent then overnight at one of the gorges is usually possible.

Many of these gorges have permanent waterholes but they are very cold, so swimming would be more a summer pursuit!

For the adventurous, the Larapinta Trail is a world-renown bush walk trail covering some 223km of one way walk in 14 day trip sections of very exposed walks – mostly along the ridges of the ranges.

the ranges

The history of this mountain range is fascinating:

850-800 million years ago, most of the southern half of the Northern Territory  was inundated by a shallow sea resulting in quartz-rich deposits and these formed the now red “Heavitree quartzite rock” layer which is so evident in the cliffs today.

800-760 million years ago, the sea became shallower still, forming tidal lagoons which deposited lime-rich mud which hardened to form greyish dolomite, a type of limestone rich in magnesium. Silt was also deposited and this became siltstone. This layer is called the Bitter Springs Formation, and occurred at a time when stromatolites (blue-green algae) dominated the life forms on earth. Stromatolites were the main life form on earth for 2000 million years, and being the 1st photosynthetic bacteria, eventually oxygenated the atmosphere and the seas (the Great Oxygenation Event which started some 2400 mya) which allowed current life forms to evolve and also oxidised the minerals in the seas such as iron resulting in massive deposits of red sandstone high in iron oxide such as in the Pilbara – see my post on Broome.

760-620 million years ago, the build up of oxygen and falling methane and carbon dioxide levels resulted in a reverse greenhouse effect, and earth became a giant snowball covered in ice. Global volcanic activity reversed this process, thawing the world and the melting glaciers from two ice ages (750mya and 625mya), deposited eroded materials to form new rocks, pebbles and boulders, these formed the Areyonga Formation and then the Pioneer Sandstone layer. As an aside, around 630mya, the thawing set the stage for a new evolution of life forms – the Ediacaran fauna (named after the Ediacara Hills of nearby South Australia).

620-600 million years ago, the sea returned but was deeper, resulting in fine grained sediments which formed the Pertatataka Formation consisting of red-brown flaky shales. This was the age of jellyfish.

The combined thickness of the above layers amounted to ~ 2 kilometres.

Between 340 million and 310 million years ago, massive earth movements pushed up these layers of quartzite and the many other sedimentary layers on top of this (from top-down: Juile formation, Pertatataka formation, Pioneer sandstone, Areyonga formation, Bitter Springs formation)  to form a mountain chain 10,000m high – the ancestral ranges were as high as today’s Himalayas!

Constant weathering by wind, flowing water, ice formation, etc over 315 million years has eroded all the softer top layers, leaving the current ranges mainly formed by the hard quartzite layer.

Indeed, a feature of the region are the many vertically oriented layers of red quartzite rock running parallel with the main road and somewhat resembling a natural form of the Great Wall of China.

Each of the above layers are evident on the ground surface as you drive back from the Ellery Creek Big Hole – at the waterhole, the cliffs are the quartzite layer, and then as you drive back to Namatjira Drive, the northern border is the Pertatataka Formation – so you sequentially drive across 250 million years of geologic history in those few kilometres.

The red quartzite cliffs at Ormiston Gorge actually consists of 2 layers of quartzite with the top layer having been pushed over the bottom layer from a distance of some 2 kilometres!


The first two sites are quite close to Alice Springs and could be skipped and done another day if staying in Alice – Simpson’s Gap (can even ride a bike here) and Standley Chasm.

Simpson’s Gap:

This is a favourite location for the locals to escape the summer heat as it is said to always have a lovely breeze through the gap – certainly on a cool winter’s morning, there was a substantial chill factor here warranting use of gloves and a spare camera battery!

Here is a shot of the lovely river red gums on the creek bed.

Simpsons Gap

Standley Chasm:

The only one of the sights on this trip which is on private land and requires an entry fee – best seen at midday when the sun lights up the chasm, and it has a nice cafe and souvenir shop.

The walk to the chasm is very pleasant and quite different from the other gorge walks as you follow a narrow rocky creek up a gorge.

Standley Chasm

We were there too early in the day and thus the gorge itself was fully in shade but there was a lovely orange glow on the cliffs behind the gorge.

Standley Chasm

Vertical quartzite layers and other types of rock on the walking path to the chasm:

Standley Chasm


Ellery Creek Big Hole:

A very nice waterhole surrounded by lovely gum trees:

Ellery Creek

Serpentine Gorge:

If you are short on time, you could skip this one and do Ormiston Gorge instead, but it is a nice little walk to a small waterhole with beautiful ghost gums at the base of a narrow gorge:

Serpentine Gorge

Serpentine Gorge

Ormiston Gorge:

This is the jewel in the crown of the West Macdonnell ranges for me.

There is the longer Pound Walk loop which takes “3-4hrs”, but we did not have time for this one on this trip. There is also a 1-2 day return walk to Bowman’s Gap along the river bed.

Make sure you do the full Ghost Gum circuit which will take 1.5-3 hours depending on how many photos you take – the walk does go up about 70-100m but there are good paths and steps. It takes you to a beautiful ghost gum on the top of a cliff where there is a lookout down to the river bed below and across the awesome red gorge cliffs:

Ormiston Gorge

View from the lookout:

Ormiston Gorge

One then descends down into the gorge where there are a myriad of photographic opportunities of rock forms, red cliffs with spindly little white ghost gums clinging to them:

Ormiston Gorge

Ormiston Gorge

Ormiston Gorge

Once on the riverbed, walking is more a task of clambering over the thousands of boulders as you make your way back to the sandy river bed:

Ormiston Gorge

On return, there is a lovely large waterhole at the base of the red cliffs with a few water birds such as egrets and more lovely gum trees:

Ormiston Gorge

Ormiston Gorge

Finally, the path back to the car park and kiosk takes you past these two beautiful ghost gums:

Ormiston Gorge

Glen Helen Resort:

Glen Helen Resort is the only motel style accommodation within the ranges and it has a very nice restaurant with a great chef – but you will need to book in advance!

The rooms are modest with a double bed and bunk beds but are all that most would need for an overnight stay.

The Glen Helen Gorge itself, Finke River and waterhole are quite difficult to photograph well and you do need to have complimentary lighting such as a nice sunrise, although there are opportunities to photograph the bird life around the water hole.

Redbank Gorge:

This is the last gorge, but one that is well worth seeing. There is a nice walk along the dry river bed to a waterhole at the base of a very narrow and rocky gorge, and if you get the light right and your exposures, it can be magic.

First the walk takes you past some more lovely ghost gums:

Redbank Gorge

Redbank Gorge

Then along the river bed with its many river red gums, and finally to the gorge and waterhole:

Redbank Gorge

Tyler’s Pass and Gosse’s Bluff meteor crater:

One can continue on from Redbank and head towards the unsealed gravel Mereneenie Loop Road (some 48km on this rough road to Hermannsburg to complete a loop back to Alice, or one can continue another 150km or so to King’s Canyon), and in doing so, can stop at Tyler’s Pass Lookout to take in views of the massive meteor crate which is known as Gosse’s Bluff (one can drive into it but that is another unsealed road and needs extra time allowed for it).

Gosse’s Bluff or Tnorala, is an eroded meteor crater which impacted some 142 million years ago, very close to the Jurassic – Cretaceous boundary. Originally the rim was ~22km diameter but now has eroded to 5km diameter as a 180m high crater-like feature

Tylers Pass

The junction with the Mereneenie Loop Road – The Red Centre Way in the middle of no where:

The Red Centre Way

All images were shot using Micro Four Thirds cameras – the Olympus OM-D E-M5 and E-M1 combined with Olympus mZD 12-40mm f/2.8 lens and the Olympus ZD 50-200mm f/2.8-3.5 SWD lens with Vivid picture mode and polarising filter. The exceptions were the shots at Simpson’s Gap and Standley Chasm which were shot with the Olympus ZD 7-14mm f/4 lens.


A photographer’s guide to exploring central Australia Part II – Alice Springs

Written by admin on August 5th, 2015

Following on from my introduction to the Red Centre which covered why go, getting there, accommodation and car hire issues, for many the first major stop in central Australia will be the remote semi-arid township of Alice springs which is half way between Darwin and Adelaide – 1,500km from each.

The airport is some 20km from the town and taxi fare will cost about $35 into town although some car rental companies may offer personal pick up, and in addition there are regular shuttle bus services which will cost about $17 per person.

The Ghan train between Adelaide and Darwin does stop in Alice Springs and this may be an attractive alternative to getting there.

Most of the main accommodation resorts are on the east side of the dry Todd River in the “golf course precinct” and are about 2km from the shopping centre which is on the west side of the river and towards Anzac Hill in the north.

Once in Alice, cycling and walking are common modalities if you can’t catch the shuttle buses and you don’t have a car.

The Alice Springs shopping centre has most items you would need including a camera shop but is certainly not a shopping destination – although given a population of 28,000 one would not expect it to be.

There are very few historic buildings in Alice but it is worth checking out The Residency which was the Governor’s house, and you may wish to cycle or drive to the Alice Springs Telegraph Station a few kilometres north of the town.

Things to do in Alice Springs

Relax and explore the many native flora in the Olive Pink Botanical Gardens and climb the hill for nice views across the town to Anzac Hill and to Mt Gillem.

view from Botanical gardens hill towards Anzac Hill

The view of main township from Botanical gardens hill over the dry Todd River bed and towards Anzac Hill.

Relax by the pool in the lovely winter sun at your resort.

Walk through town and check out indigenous art works and learn about their culture.

Learn about the wonderful Royal Flying Doctor Service.

Climb Mt Gillen (see below).

Explore the old road trains and Ghan train at the National Road Transport Hall of Fame

See the desert wildlife at the Desert Park.

Cycle to Simpson’s Gap.

Day trips to the East or West Macdonnell Ranges and explore their gorges.

Day trip to historic Hermannsburg (a 19th century Lutheran missionary community) and Palm Valley (if you have a high clearance 4WD and you can take it on the very rough roads).

Day trip on unsealed roads to Chamber’s Pillar.

Climbing Mt Gillen

Mt Gillen is the tallest peak near Alice Springs and climbing it is like a rite of passage for those staying in Alice Springs.

It is named after ethnologist, Francis James Gillen.

It is a challenging walk which rises over 360m from the start of the walk at the John Flynn Memorial on Larapinta Drive some 7km from town, on often steep, slippery gravel paths requiring reasonable fitness and coordination skills along with stable knees and ankles. It is a very exposed walk and you will need sunscreen, sunglasses, water, a hat which will not get blown off your head, sturdy shoes, phone, and preferably at least one companion in case you do suffer an injury.

The last phase involves a near vertical rock climb of some 5-6m which is not for the faint hearted but provides a rewarding walk along the top to the beacon which provides glorious views over the ranges and of Alice Springs.

These views are best at sunrise or sunset when it is also much cooler (you will need a warm jacket and gloves if going at sunrise), and you should be carrying a headlamp to help to see your way along the path in the dark.

Mt Gillen climb

Perhaps 2/3rds of the way up Mt Gillem showing the top cliffs which need to be negotiated.

Mt Gillen climb

The wonderful view across to the West Macdonnell Ranges and Mt Sonder in the far distance.

Mt Gillen climb

After the relief of surviving the cliff climb, you look back to this view westwards.

Mt Gillen climb

A short walk from there across the top to the beacon gives a view to the north-east overlooking Alice Springs.

All images taken with Olympus OM-D E-M5 with Olympus mZD 12-40mm f/2.8 lens and circular polarising filter and essentially are straight from the camera other than resizing for web.

This very strenuous walk is NOT great for large, heavy dSLRs, especially if one is silly enough to carry a tripod as well – although I am sure you would get some nice pre-sunrise shots for your hike up the mountain in darkness – if you survive.

Towards an understanding of the plight of Australian indigenous peoples

Let me first state, that their issues are complex and I have only had a very brief introduction to them, and what I present here is my perception from what I have been told in a few days in Alice.

Firstly, they arrived in Australia some 40,000 years ago and developed a strong connection with the land and its sustainable management – that was until the British arrived in 1770 and subsequently colonised the continent, bringing diseases and substantial culture change to these people, and worse, bringing their arrogance of how they should live and often with very few of the rights and expectations that the whites had available to them.

It would seem the indigenous peoples in Alice Springs, of which there are some 4,800, do not wish to be assimilated into white culture, and wish to retain their own cultures and cultural identities. This has been extremely difficult psychologically with their loss of identity and respect in the white world – after all, by aboriginal laws, their indigenous destiny, society roles and responsibilities had been decided well before they were born, but these are rarely respected by the white people. This is part of the reason for the high alcohol abuse and resultant domestic violence, crime rates and imprisonment that is currently endemic.

This is further compounded by poverty (75% are in the lowest socioeconomic quintile compared with 10% of non-indigenous people) and poor access to well constructed housing, heating, food and water in a harsh environment with very cold winter nights and very hot summer days, the combination of which leads to very high endemic rates of disease rarely found in white people of Australia such as:

  • blindness due to trachoma which is partly due to inadequate washing of faces due to inadequate access to water, poor access to topical antibiotics and ophthalmology specialists
  • chronic childhood suppurative lung conditions which lead onto bronchiectasis (150/100,000 in children older 15yrs which is highest rate in the world and 40x rate of non-indigenous), which may be partly due to high rates of HTLV-1 infections as well as lack of access to nutrition, heating, running water and antibiotics
  • rheumatic heart disease affects 2-3% of adolescents and adults and treatment involves more than weekly penicillin injections for 10 years!
  • alcohol is responsible for half of fatal road trauma and over half of suicides, and complicates 40% of ICU admissions (4x that of non-indigenous ICU admits), recent public policy changes to restrict access to alcohol has also markedly reduced bleeding from stomach and pneumonia
  • increased mental health issues – aboriginals in remote communities have over 3x rate of mental health issues and completed suicide is 2x (female) and 5x (male) higher, this is compounded by substance abuse (historically both alcohol and petrol sniffing), and higher levels of organic brain injury
  • obesity due to reduced exercise, access to cheap high calorie foods, limited access to cheap quality food, intrauterine malnourishment, and structural issues.
  • diabetes (18% of those aged 45-54yrs and 35% of those aged over 55yrs – 3x the rate of non-indigenous people but 18x the rate when looking at 20-45yr olds!) and its many complications (19x the rate of end organ damage) including chronic renal failure (25% by age 45-54 and 35% in ages 55-64yrs – 4x rate of non-indigenous) with high rates of younger adults requiring renal dialysis. 50% of these diabetics have HbA1c levels > 10%!
  • sexually transmitted diseases such as syphilis
  • they do have differences in DNA, for instance, >10% have HLA-B*56:02 (rare in whites) which causes severe drug reactions (DRESS) when given the anti-epileptic drug phenytoin, and their genes are optimised for low caloric, high protein desert existence and curiously, may have lower mortality from severe sepsis than non-indigenous people.

Aboriginal presentations to the newly developed Alice Springs emergency department account for around 50% of all adult presentations and around 70% of all adult hospital admissions despite the aboriginal population being only 17% in Alice (although catchment area is 45,000 people and a third are aboriginal), while life expectancy is some 15 years shorter than non-indigenous peoples in the region at 63yrs for males and 69 years for females. Age adjusted death rates are 3.5x higher and hospitalisation rates are 6.5x higher than non-indigenous people. 70% of deaths occur before age 65yrs compared with 21% of deaths for non-indigenous people. The hospital has high re-admission rates of 28% within 30 days and high own discharge rates. Many indigenous people do not trust the white hospital system, and furthermore, many wish to die on their land rather than in hospital.

Infant mortality though has dramatically improved over the past 15 years falling from 14 per 1,000 live births in 2000 to about 5-6 per 1,000 live births which is almost the same as non-indigenous rates of around 3-4 per 1,000 live births.

The challenge is to find effective and culturally-appropriate models of care to reduce this disease burden which is compounded by the remoteness and poverty of many of these communities.

Road trauma issues in central Australia

The Northern Territory has the highest per capita rates of fatal road trauma in Australia (over half are due to single vehicle rollover accidents, and most are tourists aged 20-40yrs) which is due to a number of factors:
  • remote distances from medical care and longer times for discovery of accident increase death rates with average time to hospital from accident being 8hrs!
  • unfenced roads means more wandering wildlife including dingoes, kangaroos, camels, cows and horses – these are a particular issue at night and swerving to avoid animals is a major cause of  roll-over
  • narrow road shoulders, high rates of SUV/4WD vehicles with high centres of gravity, and unsealed roads means more likely to lose control of the car and subsequent roll-over at speed
  • high tourist population not used to driving on road conditions, often in a strange rental car and on opposite side of road to what they are used to, and potentially distracted by sights, multi-tasking and passengers.
  • high speed with minimal capacity for speed enforcement in the remote areas
  • high alcohol use
  • long distances resulting in driver fatigue, inattention and tiredness
  • tyre blowout is a significant cause of rollover accidents but much less than driver fatigue, speed and swerving to avoid animals

tire blowout

A blown out tyre on the remote Mereneenie Loop unsealed road between Hermannsburg and Kings Canyon.

Next post will be exploring the West Macdonnell Ranges.


A photographer’s guide to exploring central Australia – the Red Centre, Alice Springs, MacDonnell Ranges, Uluru and the Olgas – part I

Written by admin on August 4th, 2015

I have just returned from just over a week’s brief explore of the red centre of Australia, and of course, I thought I had best share my experiences and tips, because you know you really want to go there!


The last blue moon for 3 years and I managed to capture this one near Uluru, although from 30km west of Uluru, the moon was still too far south from Uluru to allow a telephoto lens to make it look larger and still capture it in the same image as Uluru. One is not allowed to just stop your car anywhere in the park so planning these shots are quite limited to certain locations. Olympus OM-D E-M5 hand held with Olympus mZD 12-40mm lens at f/5, 1/160th sec, ISO 200, 40mm focal length and Vivid picture tone.

Why go?

I must admit I was a Uluru sceptic who thought it was over-hyped and just a big rock, but walking around it is an awe inspiring feeling with a myriad of opportunities of different photographic imagery all varying with time of day and season.

Not only is it the largest monolith in the world and like an iceberg, we are only seeing the tip of it, it was formed millions of years ago by alluvium flowing from mountains to the south, and then gradually has eroded and in the past few thousand years has become a sacred site for the indigenous peoples who ascribe meaning to the many shapes created on its walls by erosion.

The region is just an awesome experience for anyone let alone the myriad of photographic landscape opportunities for the enthusiast photographer which include:

  • West Macdonnell Ranges near Alice Springs and its many rugged gorges, bushwalks (including the famous 200km Larapinta Trail)  and white ghost gum eucalypt trees
  • East Macdonnell Ranges near Alice Springs and its rugged gorges and Artlunga ghost gold mining town
  • learn about indigenous cultures at Alice Springs and view/purchase their art
  • Alice Springs Telegraph Station
  • Alice Springs Desert Park – allows you to see some wildlife that you are likely to miss out seeing on your trip
  • Alice Springs Royal Flying Doctor service
  • historic 19th century remote Hermannsburg German Lutheran missionary for indigenous peoples and nearby home of famous indigenous painter, Albert Namatjira
  • Palm Valley – this requires a high clearance 4WD as it is very rough driving along the creek bed and will take over 3hrs return from Hermannsburg
  • drive along the Mereneenie Loop Road to Kings Canyon from Hermannsburg and check out a very large comet impact site – Gosse’s Bluff
  • Watarraka National Park (Kings Canyon) and bushwalks to the rim of the canyon as well as to the valley
  • Rainbow Valley Conservation Reserve
  • Henbury meteorite craters – asteroid impact sites via the unsealed Ernest Giles Rd which is another alternate route to Kings Canyon from Alice Springs
  • dry salt lake beds at Stuart Wells (on private land – a million hectare cattle property)
  • Chambers Pillar
  • Uluru (Ayers Rock) – the largest monolith in the world and the spiritual centre of Australia – a must see for everyone – well worth the easy 11km 3.5hr walk around it as long as weather is mild
  • Kata Tjuta (The Olgas) – even taller than Uluru, but very different being a many domed landscape of conglomerate rock making a striking scene at any time of day – has 2 main bush walks through the valleys

But first, let me introduce the region and try to convey its remoteness and climate – both of which are extremely important in your planning.

How do you get there?

It is in the centre of Australia in semi-arid to arid desert environs and over a 1,500 kilometres to the nearest state capital city – both Darwin and Adelaide are 1,500km from Alice Springs, while Melbourne is 2,260km, Perth 2,500km and Sydney 2,800km away.

To the novice, one may think that Uluru (formerly known as Ayers Rock) is just a day trip from Alice Springs – of course you would be wrong, it is over 460km but thankfully it is all bitumen now but Google estimates it should take you 6 hours by car (under 1hr by air), and that is not including another day or two diversion to the wonderful King’s Canyon.

One can thus drive from Darwin or Adelaide – preferably with a high clearance AWD or 4WD vehicle so you can better navigate the many side gravel roads to gorges, etc, or you can fly to either Alice Springs or direct to Ayers Rock airport – although direct flights to either airport from Melbourne only occur once a day – Sydney is more fortunate in this regard as there are more flight options.

Note that there are no commercial flights to Kings Canyon which is about 5hrs and over 470km from Alice by car or tour bus – the shorter distance “scenic” route on the 200km of corrugated unsealed dry weather only Mereneenie Loop Road requires a 4WD and also a permit fee and still takes over 5hrs and will test your car out!

Once in Alice or Uluru you can either use tour buses or hire a car (book early to avoid disappointment and avoid picking up the car at airports as these is more expensive) – note that there is an entry fee into Uluru-Kata Tjuta park – currently $25 per person which covers 3 days, and the park closes at 7.30pm in winter.

HOWEVER, be warned that in renting a car, even a 4WD, you will NOT be covered for any damage at night away from the township (risk of hitting wandering animals such as kangaroos, cows, or even camels, is too high for the insurance companies), and furthermore, most ban driving on unsealed roads (although you can usually drive to the tourist sites). A good option is renting from the only local company, Central Car Rentals which generally will pick you up from the airport in Alice for free and do permit more gravel road driving but still no night driving.

The ban on night rural driving means one needs to be creative in how they get to see sunrise or sunset away from their accommodation – consider camping as an option but this will not address sunsets at Kata Tjuta where you cannot camp overnight.

When should you go?

The peak season is the Australian winter as the days are not too hot for bushwalking (maximums range from 15 to 28deg depending on where the air flow is coming from the tropical north or the cold south) and the night sky shows off the wonderful southern Milky Way in all its glory (as long as the moon is not in the sky).

The climate is quite different from any of the Australian capital cities which are all coastal. The generally clear night skies mean nights can be cold, especially in winter when the overnight minimum can drop well below zero deg Celsius although usually is around 4degC (and up to 10deg on cloudy nights in winter) – but it will mean you MUST take some warm clothing if planning any night activities – gloves, beanie, scarf, warm jacket, boots and even thermals should be considered in winter.

The climate is much drier than humid Darwin, and this means very few mosquitoes, but bush flies can still be annoying when temperatures rise above 16-20degC and there is little wind.

Walking in winter generally just needs sturdy bush walk shoes, shorts or trousers, shirt, hat, sunglasses, sunscreen, water, lip balm, perhaps a fly mesh for face on hotter days, and warmer jacket and perhaps gloves for early morning walks.

Annual rainfall averages only 200mm or so (this is semi-arid so don’t expect expanses of endless sand dunes without vegetation – this can be found further east in the Simpson Desert) but can range from only 70mm to flood conditions every 12-15yrs or so at 900mm per year (most falling in the one month). The driest months are August and September while the wettest are Dec to Feb generally resulting from rains coming from the tropical storms to the north.

The many river beds are generally dry and only have running water after heavy rains – hence the famous Henley on the Todd canoe race in Alice springs in August each year is run on a dry river bed.

Although the days are much shorter in winter, the clearer skies in Winter means that average hours of sunshine is approximately the same each month.

From Oct-Mar, the average afternoon temperatures exceeds 30degC and thus any bushwalks should ideally be completed by 11am, especially in Dec-Feb when average 3pm temperatures are over 34degC. Many walks will be closed when temperatures exceed 36degC.

Winds are generally around 15kph in afternoons, but can be strong before storms and may occasionally create sand storms.

If you wish to photograph the Milky Way, make sure the moon will not be in the sky – ie. choose 3rd quarter to 1st quarter phases – if 1st quarter, you will need to wait for the moon to set around midnight.

If you wish to photograph the full moon rising near Uluru and photographed from Kata Tjuta sunset dune viewing platform, this will appear closest to Uluru at the equinoxes such as in March-April or Sept-Oct.

Where to stay?

There are a multitude of options in Alice Springs which is by far the most affordable location in central Australia – examples include:

  • Lasseter’s Resort – nice clean rooms, most with two queen beds and en suite, new gym, day spa, and a lovely heated pool and outdoor spa which is fantastic in the winter sun, a number of eating options, but rooms may get booked out if conferences are on; free shuttle buses to town (stops at Aurora Hotel) every 2hrs from 10am-4pm
  • Hilton’s Double Tree Hotel – perhaps the best restaurant in town and it’s a short walk from Lasseter’s – Hanuman’s Thai/Indian inspired menu
  • Chifley Hotel – nice seafood restaurant – Barra on Todd
  • in the shopping district – Aurora Hotel and many others including youth hostels, etc.

West Macdonnell Ranges:

  • Glen Helen Resort – note this is out of phone reception but they have a great restaurant meal, tavern-like feel, camping options and affordable WiFi
  • camping at various locations

Kings Canyon:

Yulara (the tourist township near Uluru and Kata Tjuta):

  • all are generally quite expensive and much more so if you choose the luxury accommodation at Longitude 131 ($2,400 per night for a luxury tent with views of Uluru)
  • Ayers Rock Resort offers a variety of accommodation including camping

What photography gear do you need to take?

Many of the walks are either long walks in the warm sun and/or strenuous uphill and downhill walks with often unstable, rocky paths and as you need to carry water and often extra clothing, one does not need to be further encumbered by heavy camera gear or tripods.

Furthermore airlines such as Jetstar tend to be more particular about both checked-in and carry on baggage weight and size – carry on baggage weight combined must not exceed 7kg.

Most photographs will probably be taken in the 24-80mm focal length range in 35mm full frame terms however, having a telephoto zoom allows one to get more options such as the smaller ghost gums growing off distant red cliffs, and abstract light/shadows on Uluru.

To reduce weight and size, my preference was the Olympus OM-D E-M5 and E-M1 Micro Four Thirds cameras with Olympus mZD 12-40mm f/2.8 lens and Olympus mZD 40-150mm f/2.8 lens (although I don’t have this lens and thus had to take the heavier and larger Olympus ZD 50-200mm f/2.8-3.5 SWD lens) – both with circular polarising filters to enhance the colour saturation and blue skies, and a spare battery and charger.

I mount both of these on a waist belt to take the weight off my neck and back – but despite my care and attention, the EVF of the E-M1 suffered damage from sunlight on the 4hr walk around Uluru – this is a well documented problem with the E-M1 and E-M10 (my E-M5 with an older style EVF did not suffer this damage and has not been documented as having this issue) – so be warned, one needs to take extra care to stop sunlight entering the EVF – or perhaps better still, buy 2 E-M5′s instead of the E-M1.

There are very few areas of flowing water and thus long exposure shots are generally not needed during the day so a ND400 10x filter is not likely to be needed unless there is rain forecast.

For those wanting sunset shots or Milky Way shots, a tripod will be needed, and perhaps ND gradient filters for sunset shots, and a tripod will be needed for shots where 36mp or more will be used.

Those with special needs may need extra lenses such as ultra-wide, fisheye or macro lenses.

Next posts will be details on each site

 More information on my wiki.